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On God’S Eternity: How The Boethian Position On Kairos (Καιρός) Solves The Debate Between Eternalism And Open Theism, Joseph Wolfensberger 2020 Mount St. Mary's University

On God’S Eternity: How The Boethian Position On Kairos (Καιρός) Solves The Debate Between Eternalism And Open Theism, Joseph Wolfensberger

The Macksey Journal

81818app手机版下载In the theological and philosophical realms, God is often described as being both outside of time and as ever-existing. However, both of these statements present a differing picture on God's relationship with eternity. If God is outside of time, God would know time as a single, eternal present. All events would simultaneously occur before God. However, when we describe God as being ever-existing, we imply that God would experience time in a temporal sense. God then, is present at the beginning and ending of time itself, seeing time as it elapses. The question concerning this relationship is further complicated ...


Gower´S Queer Poetics In The Mirour De L'Omme, María Bullón-Fernández 2020 Seattle University

Gower´S Queer Poetics In The Mirour De L'Omme, María Bullón-Fernández

Accessus

Gower's Queer Poetics in the Mirour de l'Omme

In the Mirour de l’Omme John Gower describes the allegorical Sins as both deceitful and “hermafrodrite” and later confesses to having engaged in queer practices in his earlier courtly poetry. Gower’s confession and his association of the Sins with intersexuality, I will argue, do not entail ultimately a rejection of queer poetics. In his Life of the Virgin Mary, the final part of the Mirour, Gower deploys a different kind of queer poetics, one that acknowledges the indeterminacies of language but still seeks to stabilize meaning, while intertwining ...


The Community Of The Realm: Gower's Account Of The Commons In Book V Of The Vox Clamantis, Robert J. Meindl 2020 California State University, Sacramento

The Community Of The Realm: Gower's Account Of The Commons In Book V Of The Vox Clamantis, Robert J. Meindl

Accessus

Gower's stated intention at the beginning of Book III of the Vox Clamantis to survey the three degrees of the world, i.e. the clerics, knights, and farmers, is not forthcoming in exactly the manner he specifies. Instead, he delivers a lengthy critique of the clergy in Books III and IV and then an account of the secular world apart from the nobility in Book V. This book deals with the rural and urban components of late fourteenth-century English society, that is, the gentry and the bound and free agricultural workers on the one hand and the merchants, artisans ...


Foreword, Georgiana Donavin, Eve Salisbury 2020 Westminster College

Foreword, Georgiana Donavin, Eve Salisbury

Accessus

Foreword for Accessus 81818app手机版下载volume 6, issue 1.


Visible Invisibility: The Shape Of The Chicago Châsse, Ziqiao Wang 2020 The School Of The Art Institute Of Chicago

Visible Invisibility: The Shape Of The Chicago Châsse, Ziqiao Wang

The Macksey Journal

This paper argues that a 13th-century-Limoges reliquary casket at the Art Institute of Chicago, expresses the immaterial holy spirit of the relics within by its shape. Its shape suggests a “steeped-roof” architectonic model. Scholars have discussed with two possible interpretations of the morphology: it could be either a solid Roman sarcophagus used circa 4th-5th centuries or a portable Gothic church miniature in the 1200s; if the shape ultimately descended from the sarcophagus used for a saint’s burial. This hypothesis sheds light on a morphological metamorphosis while implying this a portable church model was derived ...


Popular Revolt In The Ninth Century, Allen Cabaniss 2020 University of Mississipi 81818app手机版下载

Popular Revolt In The Ninth Century, Allen Cabaniss

Studies in English

No abstract provided.


Sir Orfeo: The Self And The Nature Of Art, Christina J. Murphy 2020 University of Mississipi

Sir Orfeo: The Self And The Nature Of Art, Christina J. Murphy

Studies in English

No abstract provided.


Not Your Average Rose: Cultural Inversion In Pizan’S 'City Of Ladies', Alex Donley 2020 Liberty University

Not Your Average Rose: Cultural Inversion In Pizan’S 'City Of Ladies', Alex Donley

Montview Liberty University Journal of Undergraduate Research

This research addresses Le Livre de la Cité des Dames—translated into English as The Book of the City of Ladies81818app手机版下载—as an outstanding work of proto-feminist literature from 1405. It is written by a woman, in defense of women. Christine de Pizan plays the central character in her own work, in which she combats misogyny with a revised account of history. She battles prevalent ideals of courtly love and gender inequality as things that are not merely repulsive or immoral, but wholly heretical. Rather than focusing on historical accuracy, de Pizan uses the literary power of her narrative to ...


Joseph Of Arimathea And A Chalice, Allen Cabaniss 2020 University of Mississippi 81818app手机版下载

Joseph Of Arimathea And A Chalice, Allen Cabaniss

Studies in English

No abstract provided.


Galadriel And Wyrd: Interlace, Exempla And The Passing Of Northern Courage In The History Of The Eldar, Richard Z. Gallant 2020 Friedrich Schiller Universitat, Jena 81818app手机版下载

Galadriel And Wyrd: Interlace, Exempla And The Passing Of Northern Courage In The History Of The Eldar, Richard Z. Gallant

Journal of Tolkien Research

Two important characters in J. R. R. Tolkien’s Legendarium are pivotable to a Germanic narrative of the Eldar: Fëanor and Galadriel. Fëanor pivots the narrative of the Eldar to one resembling the Germanic heroic epic by invoking a wyrd, through his free choice, against himself and the Noldor who followed him, which leads to their doom. Galadriel, on the other hand, as the last of the Noldorin rebels and a penitent, pivots the fatalistic and heroic Elvish narrative to eucatastrophe through own her free will and choice.

This article examines First Age themes of free will, banishment and exile ...


"Saint Galadriel?: J.R.R. Tolkien As The Hagiographer Of Middle-Earth", Jane Beal PhD 2020 University of La Verne

"Saint Galadriel?: J.R.R. Tolkien As The Hagiographer Of Middle-Earth", Jane Beal Phd

Journal of Tolkien Research

Abstract: 81818app手机版下载Galadriel is perceived in different, sometimes contradictory ways both within the world of Middle-earth and the world of Tolkien scholarship. In some ways, she is a liminal figure, on the threshold between Middle-earth and Valinor, and between secular and sacred influences from the primary world Tolkien actually lived in. One neglected context that may help readers to understand Tolkien’s characterization of Galadriel is the medieval cult of the saints.

81818app手机版下载The cult of the saints provides specific practices and beliefs that shaped how Tolkien consciously characterized Galadriel as saint-like, especially in terms of her beauty, holiness, and power. Her ...


“The Symmetrical Battle” Extended: Old Norse Fránn And Other Symmetry In Norse-Germanic Dragon Lore, Julian A. Emole 2020 University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire 81818app手机版下载

“The Symmetrical Battle” Extended: Old Norse Fránn And Other Symmetry In Norse-Germanic Dragon Lore, Julian A. Emole

The Macksey Journal

Previous endeavors to identify a common origin of the dragon-slayer myth (and its many derivatives) in the Indo-European language family have produced mixed results, due in part to the ubiquity of dragon lore. Calvert Watkins’s ambitious project (How to Kill a Dragon, 1995) to reconstruct a poetic formula with PIE *gwhen- (‘to smite, slay’) has garnered both praise and criticism (see, e.g., Daniel Ogden 2013). Christine Rauer (Beowulf and the Dragon, 2000) has demonstrated that Beowulf was influenced by the Latin hagiographic tradition but finds that “the imagery which seems to be so typical for the ...


‘We Don’T Need Another Hero’ – Problematic Heroes And Their Function In Some Of Tolkien’S Works, Thomas Honegger 2020 Department of English, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Germany

‘We Don’T Need Another Hero’ – Problematic Heroes And Their Function In Some Of Tolkien’S Works, Thomas Honegger

Journal of Tolkien Research

This paper discusses the potentially problematic nature of certain forms of heroism in Tolkien’s works and their representatives, such as Túrin Turambar or Beorhtnoth. It analyses not only the problems that may arise on the battlefield from an excess of pride (ofermod), but it also investigates the problem of how to contain and deal with the more aggressive forms of military prowess when its energies are not employed on the battlefield or in fighting an adversary such as a dragon. As will be shown, Tolkien contrasts his ‘unlucky’ heroes implicitly with heroic figures such as Aragorn Elessar, who tempers ...


Malory, Chivalric Medievalism, And New Imperialist Masculinity, Andrew LiVecchi 2020 The University of Western Ontario 81818app手机版下载

Malory, Chivalric Medievalism, And New Imperialist Masculinity, Andrew Livecchi

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Over the course of the nineteenth century, Sir Thomas Malory’s fifteenth-century work of Arthurian romance, Le Morte Darthur, underwent significant reevaluation, from being warily considered a trivial, morally problematic text to being hailed as a national epic with a central place in the English canon. This shift in Malory’s status 81818app手机版下载coincided with the rise of an increasingly competitive and unabashedly aggressive model of imperialism in the 1870s, which historians conventionally term New Imperialism. At the same time, a new model of masculinity emerged, one that bemoaned the “decadence” of the modernized, leisurely man and that celebrated the hypermasculine ...


Un Poema Autògraf De Joan Fogassot, Albert Lloret 2020 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Un Poema Autògraf De Joan Fogassot, Albert Lloret

Translat Library

This note identifies as an autograph a poem by fifteenth-century Catalan author Joan Fogassot. Contained in the Cançoner de París, the poem is edited in appendix. This note also supports the argument that another songbook transmitting works by Fogassot, the Cançoner de l'Ateneu, is not an autograph of the author.


No Nazis In Valhalla: Understanding The Use (And Misuse) Of Nordic Cultural Markers In Third Reich Era Germany, Lena Nighswander 2020 Bowling Green State University

No Nazis In Valhalla: Understanding The Use (And Misuse) Of Nordic Cultural Markers In Third Reich Era Germany, Lena Nighswander

International ResearchScape Journal

While medieval concepts are frequently used as a means for the general public to understand emerging global political institutions around the world, they also have immense capability to be purposely misused by political groups due to the generally vague and misguided understanding of these concepts by the masses. At one core of these movements is the legacy of Vikings and the misrepresentation of their history by far-right political groups, especially in mid-20th century Europe, in order to push a fictitious agenda of a prosperous, all-white race of seafaring warriors. Through the appropriation of medieval Old Norse imagery and mythology ...


Elessar Telcontar Magnus, Rex Pater Gondor, Restitutor Imperii, Richard Z. Gallant 2020 Friedrich Schiller Universitat, Jena

Elessar Telcontar Magnus, Rex Pater Gondor, Restitutor Imperii, Richard Z. Gallant

Journal of Tolkien Research

The nature of the heroic-ethos changes in the late Third Age of J. R. R. Tolkien’s Legendarium. At the beginning of the First Age, a Germanic ethos that Tolkien called the theory of Northern courage accompanied the exile of the Noldor. However, at the dawn of the dominion of Men, a new ethos emerges. It is an ethos of hope rather than the “sad light of fatalism” of the “long defeat.” This ethos is exemplified, ad bono exemplum, in the character of Aragorn who fuses the old ethos and tradition into a new ‘pseudo-chivalry’ appropriate for the Age of ...


Matrons, Mothers, And Monsters: The Heroine In Beowulf, Grendel, And The Mere Wife, Grace Lucier 2020 College of the Holy Cross 81818app手机版下载

Matrons, Mothers, And Monsters: The Heroine In Beowulf, Grendel, And The Mere Wife, Grace Lucier

College Honors Program

This thesis examines the relationship between gender and heroism in the Beowulf tale and two of its modern retellings. It includes an exploration of the medieval gender roles of the original epic using Seamus Heaney and E. Talbot Donaldson’s translations. This thesis also addresses the ways in which some characters disturb gender binaries and social roles — especially in the case of Grendel’s mother. The second and third chapters focus on two retellings of the Beowulf text respectively: John Gardner’s Grendel , told from the perspective of the monster Grendel; and Maria Dahvana Headley’s The Mere Wife , which ...


Pratiquer Ou Incarner La Vertu? L'Agentivité Des Femmes Chez Marie De France Et Christine De Pizan, Kathe Blydenburgh 2020 CUNY Hunter College

Pratiquer Ou Incarner La Vertu? L'Agentivité Des Femmes Chez Marie De France Et Christine De Pizan, Kathe Blydenburgh

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This thesis studies the treatment of women in Medieval literature as active agents in their roles of upholding the virtues of the societies in which they live. This study focuses on works written by the female authors Marie de France and Christine de Pizan.


The Transmission Of The Somniale Danielis, From Latin To Vernacular Italian (Laurenziano Martelli 12 And Riccardiano 859), Valerio Cappozzo 2020 University of Mississippi 81818app手机版下载

The Transmission Of The Somniale Danielis, From Latin To Vernacular Italian (Laurenziano Martelli 12 And Riccardiano 859), Valerio Cappozzo

Translat Library

The Somniale Danielis is a dream manual widely circulated in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. It is structured through dream symbols and their concise explanation. Medieval manuscripts of the Somniale—from the ninth century to the end of the fifteenth century—generally bear the same dreams, but show changes in the structure of their entries. The coherence of its symbology throughout several centuries allows for a linguistic analysis across these dream manuals that situates them in specific cultural contexts. This article focuses on two manuscripts, each containing a Latin and an Italian version of the Somniale, and aims to ...