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'We Felt The Imprisonment Of Being A Girl': Uncanny Male Gaze In The Virgin Suicides, Sarah G. Fiore 2020 University of Rhode Island

'We Felt The Imprisonment Of Being A Girl': Uncanny Male Gaze In The Virgin Suicides, Sarah G. Fiore

The Macksey Journal

81818app手机版下载In Jeffrey Eugenides’ The Virgin Suicides, a choral voice of adolescent boys voyeuristically observes and romanticizes the repeated suicide attempts and personal tragedies of the Lisbon sisters. However, simultaneous to this fetishizing voice is one which suggests the boys’ uncanny sense of familiarity surrounding the girls. As the boys eerily state,“We felt the imprisonment of being a girl” (Eugenides 43). In The Uncanny, Sigmund Freud describes the so-called uncanny experience as one which presents a familiar instinct which has only become unfamiliar through repression (Freud 241). Thus, in a Freudian psychoanalytic reading of the text, the boys experience the ...


Hegelian Agency And Communication In William Gaddis’ Jr, Ryan Andrew P. Hacek 2020 Purdue University

Hegelian Agency And Communication In William Gaddis’ Jr, Ryan Andrew P. Hacek

The Macksey Journal

81818app手机版下载This paper analyzes the relation between different forms of agency (as conceptualized by GWF Hegel) in the capitalist systems presented in postmodern literature. The subject of my paper is William Gaddis’ JR and its usage of postmodern techniques (from telephone conversations to clashing dialogue snippets) to express the chaos of late-stage capitalism. This paper argues that one can use Gaddis’ narrative to extrapolate the significance of Hegel's account of agency for our own contemporary world, because Gaddis depicts individuals in capitalism having different forms of agency within different spheres and through different projects. This multiplicity can be understood through ...


Describing The Dress Of Women: Author’S Notes On The Development Of Gender, Cassandra B. Tan 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York 81818app手机版下载

Describing The Dress Of Women: Author’S Notes On The Development Of Gender, Cassandra B. Tan

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis is an examination of how authors of the late Victorian and early Twentieth Century describe the embodied and mental effects of the nature of women’s clothing through works of fiction and nonfiction. Through this analysis, I argue that clothing serves as a mechanism to oppress women by eliminating concrete and philosophical access to wealth and necessities as well as by instigating acts of violence upon a developing body through stricture and hygiene. I examine the ways that feminine dress, from youth through adulthood, shapes the way women view themselves, and in turn has a reciprocal effect on ...


The Tale Of The Old Forest: The Damaging Effects Of Forestry In J. R. R. Tolkien’S Written Works, Katrine L. A. Hjulstad 2020 University of York 81818app手机版下载

The Tale Of The Old Forest: The Damaging Effects Of Forestry In J. R. R. Tolkien’S Written Works, Katrine L. A. Hjulstad

Journal of Tolkien Research

The Old Forest is more often than not considered a wholly villainous woodland, and yet in a letter to the Daily Telegraph (1972), J. R. R. Tolkien claimed that he ‘take[s] the part of trees’ in all his works. Verlyn Flieger takes issue with this claim in her essay ‘Taking the Part of Trees’, as it seems to suggest that Tolkien’s Hobbits in the Old Forest were no better than the Orcs in Fangorn. Here it is argued that Flieger’s interpretation forgets that Tolkien intended The Lord of the Rings to appear as the Hobbits’ writings and ...


"Saint Galadriel?: J.R.R. Tolkien As The Hagiographer Of Middle-Earth", Jane Beal PhD 2020 University of La Verne 81818app手机版下载

"Saint Galadriel?: J.R.R. Tolkien As The Hagiographer Of Middle-Earth", Jane Beal Phd

Journal of Tolkien Research

Abstract: Galadriel is perceived in different, sometimes contradictory ways both within the world of Middle-earth and the world of Tolkien scholarship. In some ways, she is a liminal figure, on the threshold between Middle-earth and Valinor, and between secular and sacred influences from the primary world Tolkien actually lived in. One neglected context that may help readers to understand Tolkien’s characterization of Galadriel is the medieval cult of the saints.

The cult of the saints provides specific practices and beliefs that shaped how Tolkien consciously characterized Galadriel as saint-like, especially in terms of her beauty, holiness, and power. Her ...


“Ever-Defeated Never Altogether Subdued”: Fighting The Long Defeat In Tolkien's The Lord Of The Rings And Whedon's Angel, Katherine Sas, Curtis Weyant 2020 Independent scholar 81818app手机版下载

“Ever-Defeated Never Altogether Subdued”: Fighting The Long Defeat In Tolkien's The Lord Of The Rings And Whedon's Angel, Katherine Sas, Curtis Weyant

Journal of Tolkien Research

The theme of “the long defeat” is a well-established concept in Tolkien studies. First explicated by Tom Shippey in his book The Road to Middle-earth and based on a lament by the elf queen Galadriel in The Lord of the Rings (“Through ages of the world we have fought the long defeat”), the long defeat represents the ongoing, seemingly vain struggle of good against an apparently endless tide of evil, where even the occasional victories of the heroes are often fruitless or short lived. Throughout its five seasons, the television series Angel (1999-2004), a spin-off of Buffy the Vampire Slayer ...


Rereading Albert Camus’ The Plague During A Pandemic: Of Plagues And Nazis: Camus’ Journey From Moral Nihilism, Stephen I. Wagner 2020 College of St. Benedict/St. John’s University

Rereading Albert Camus’ The Plague During A Pandemic: Of Plagues And Nazis: Camus’ Journey From Moral Nihilism, Stephen I. Wagner

The Journal of Social Encounters

During our current pandemic, Albert Camus’ novel, The Plague, can serve readers well by illustrating and perhaps helping us resolve the feelings, options and decisions we are now facing. Indeed, Camus can help us learn much from our current situation.


The History Of Early Modern Medicine In New Spain, El Primero Sueño, And Poet Sor Juana Inés De La Cruz, Daniel Hughes 2020 Hunter College of the City University of New York

The History Of Early Modern Medicine In New Spain, El Primero Sueño, And Poet Sor Juana Inés De La Cruz, Daniel Hughes

Grand Valley Journal of History

This essay analyzes poetry and other writing by Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz in the context of themes from Greco-Roman antiquity and the historical development of medicine in seventeenth century New Spain, now Mexico. Sor Juana’s El Primero Sueño, a Spanish language poetic silva, exhibits copious references to writers from classical antiquity, including Aristotle and Ovid. Establishing a context steeped in ideas from Greco-Roman antiquity, Sor Juana invokes the medical and philosophical legacy of foundational physician Galen of Pergamon. She also expands upon his ideas into the human anatomical realm, reflecting the increased early modern prominence of the ...


Murmurs Of Revolution: Mythical Subversion In Dostoevsky, Connor Guetersloh 2020 Chapman University

Murmurs Of Revolution: Mythical Subversion In Dostoevsky, Connor Guetersloh

English (MA) Theses

Throughout history, revolutions have been plagued by unpredictability; it is all but impossible to know when cultural systems will be turned on their heads. Is there a common motivator, to predict social unrest bubbling beneath the surface of society? I suggest the development of this motivator is detectable by deconstructing Ferdinand de Saussure’s semiotic patterns within the field of rhetorical mythology. “Mythology,” in the rhetorical and linguistic sense developed by Roland Barthes, is the study of a collective system of thinking we subconsciously subscribe to when interpreting meaning, perpetuated by greater society. The struggle for meaning is split into ...


Karin Baumgartner And Monika Shafi, Editors. Anxious Journeys: Twenty-First-Century Travel Writing In German. Camden House, 2019., Doris McGonagill 2020 Utah State University 81818app手机版下载

Karin Baumgartner And Monika Shafi, Editors. Anxious Journeys: Twenty-First-Century Travel Writing In German. Camden House, 2019., Doris Mcgonagill

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Karin Baumgartner and Monika Shafi, editors. Anxious Journeys: Twenty-First-Century Travel Writing in German. Camden House, 2019. viii + 276 pp.


‘We Don’T Need Another Hero’ – Problematic Heroes And Their Function In Some Of Tolkien’S Works, Thomas Honegger 2020 Department of English, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Germany

‘We Don’T Need Another Hero’ – Problematic Heroes And Their Function In Some Of Tolkien’S Works, Thomas Honegger

Journal of Tolkien Research

This paper discusses the potentially problematic nature of certain forms of heroism in Tolkien’s works and their representatives, such as Túrin Turambar or Beorhtnoth. It analyses not only the problems that may arise on the battlefield from an excess of pride (ofermod), but it also investigates the problem of how to contain and deal with the more aggressive forms of military prowess when its energies are not employed on the battlefield or in fighting an adversary such as a dragon. As will be shown, Tolkien contrasts his ‘unlucky’ heroes implicitly with heroic figures such as Aragorn Elessar, who tempers ...


Tweet Your Shared Adventure: An (Un)Continuous E-Lit Jam, Sarah Whitcomb Laiola 2020 Coastal Carolina University

Tweet Your Shared Adventure: An (Un)Continuous E-Lit Jam, Sarah Whitcomb Laiola

Electronic Literature Organization Conference 2020

ABOUT:

For this virtual engagement session of ELOrlando, participants will create and play a collaborative work of e-lit on Twitter, modeled after Choose Your Own Adventure-style hypertext fiction. This e-lit jam will run the course of the conference, from Thursday July 16-July 19, on the hashtag #TYSA (T[weet] Y[our] S[hared] A[dventure]). All Twitter users in the ELO community are invited to join.

81818app手机版下载HOW THIS JAM WILL JAM:

On the first day of the conference, the session’s organizer (Sarah Whitcomb Laiola, @DrSarathena192 on both Twitter and Discord) will tweet out on #ELOrlando and #TYSA the ...


Borderless Flows In Federspiel’S Die Ballade Von Der Typhoid Mary, Charlotte Melin 2020 University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

Borderless Flows In Federspiel’S Die Ballade Von Der Typhoid Mary, Charlotte Melin

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Jürg Federspiel’s novel Die Ballade von der Typhoid Mary (1982) offers a fictionalized account of the notorious heroine’s life that ultimately sympathizes with her plight as an immigrant who faced exclusionary cultural barriers. Drawing on Rob Nixon’s concept of “slow violence” and recent approaches developed by material ecocriticism theory, my essay reinterprets this work from an environmental humanities perspective. The interpretation focuses on the interconnection of discourses related to disease, food, and pollution flows. Exploration of these themes leads to the conclusion that Federspiel’s work was prescient in its parallel engagement with both immigration issues and ...


Falproject, Mohsen Hazrati 2020 University of Central Florida

Falproject, Mohsen Hazrati

Electronic Literature Organization Conference 2020

"A fāl or Bibliomancy is good or bad, the profit or the loss whose occurrence is predicted by hearing a word or a voice, seeing the movement or the expression, opening or reading a book, or observing a specific motif or image." Mohammad Vojdani

FAL Project is a VR-AR Prediction Machine based on an Old Iranian Bibliomancy tradition.

This project is about generating a virtual environment of a prediction using unlimited online data based on the Persian Mysticism and tradition into a VR artwork. As there are so many people who get matched results based on their niyats(Intent of ...


Translating A Work Of Digital Literature Into Several Languages: A Case Study, Serge Bouchardon, Nohelia Meza 2020 Université de technologie de Compiègne

Translating A Work Of Digital Literature Into Several Languages: A Case Study, Serge Bouchardon, Nohelia Meza

Electronic Literature Organization Conference 2020

In 2010, the digital literature piece Déprise was published online). Progressively, it has been translated from French into English (Loss of Grasp, 2010), Italian (Perdersi, 2011), Spanish (Perderse, 2013), and Portuguese (Perda de controlo, 2016). Every translation required changes to the original version in French but also to the other versions, leading to an intercultural and multilingual dialogue between the translators and the author.

81818app手机版下载What are the specificities of the translation of digital literature in comparison to the translation of literature in general? What does translation teach us about digital literature, and about the Digital? And ...


Simone Wesner. Artists’ Voices In Cultural Policy: Careers, Myths And The Creative Profession After German Unification. Palgrave Macmillan, 2018., Evelyn Preuss 2020 Yale University

Simone Wesner. Artists’ Voices In Cultural Policy: Careers, Myths And The Creative Profession After German Unification. Palgrave Macmillan, 2018., Evelyn Preuss

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Simone Wesner. Artists’ Voices in Cultural Policy: Careers, Myths and the Creative Profession after German Unification. Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. xv + 197 pp.


Éric Touya De Marenne. Simone De Beauvoir: Le Combat Au Féminin. Presses Universitaires De France, 2019., Tessa Ashlin Nunn 2020 Duke University 81818app手机版下载

Éric Touya De Marenne. Simone De Beauvoir: Le Combat Au Féminin. Presses Universitaires De France, 2019., Tessa Ashlin Nunn

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Éric Touya de Marenne. Simone de Beauvoir: Le combat au féminin. Presses Universitaires de France, 2019. pp. 128.


Julia Waters. The Mauritian Novel: Fictions Of Belonging. Liverpool Up, 2018., Patrick H. Moneyang 2020 Pacific Lutheran University

Julia Waters. The Mauritian Novel: Fictions Of Belonging. Liverpool Up, 2018., Patrick H. Moneyang

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Julia Waters. The Mauritian Novel: Fictions of Belonging. Liverpool UP, 2018. x + 236 pp.


Diana Holmes. Middlebrow Matters: Women’S Reading And The Literary Canon In France Since The Belle Époque. Liverpool Up, 2018., Dantzel Cenatiempo 2020 University of Washington 81818app手机版下载

Diana Holmes. Middlebrow Matters: Women’S Reading And The Literary Canon In France Since The Belle Époque. Liverpool Up, 2018., Dantzel Cenatiempo

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Diana Holmes. Middlebrow Matters: Women’s reading and the literary canon in France since the Belle Époque. Liverpool UP, 2018. 222 pp.


Jonathan K. Gosnell. Franco-America In The Making: The Creole Nation Within. U Of Nebraska P, 2018., Anna V. Keefe 2020 University of Wisconsin - La Crosse 81818app手机版下载

Jonathan K. Gosnell. Franco-America In The Making: The Creole Nation Within. U Of Nebraska P, 2018., Anna V. Keefe

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Jonathan K. Gosnell. Franco-America in the Making: The Creole Nation Within. U of Nebraska P, 2018. 347 pp.