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The Impact Of Cultural Heritage On Japanese Towns And Villages, Yuichiro Tsuji Dr. 2020 University of Tsukuba

The Impact Of Cultural Heritage On Japanese Towns And Villages, Yuichiro Tsuji Dr.

Seattle Journal of Technology, Environmental & Innovation Law

In 1954, when historically significant clays and clay pots were found in the Iba district of Shizuoka prefecture, the city applied to the prefectural education committee for a historic site designation. The committee granted this designation to the city..

However, in 1973 the education committee lifted its permission to promote development around the location. Historians have sought revocation of this decision under the Administrative Case Litigation Act (ACLA), but the Supreme Court has denied standing. By denying standing, the Japanese Supreme Court allows the prefecture to destroy a historical site.

81818app手机版下载First, this paper seeks to discuss the doctrine of standing ...


Toward A Theory Of Intercountry Human Rights: Global Capitalism And The Rise And Fall Of Intercountry Adoption, Barbara Stark 2020 Hofstra University

Toward A Theory Of Intercountry Human Rights: Global Capitalism And The Rise And Fall Of Intercountry Adoption, Barbara Stark

Indiana Law Journal

This Article proposes another mechanism for enforcement, an alternative to self-serving domestic policing and weak international bureaucracy. “Intercountry,” as opposed to “international,” human rights would apply to specific rights in specific contexts and be enforceable through the legal mechanisms and other resources of the state parties that accepted them. Intercountry adoption is a useful context in which to consider this proposal for several reasons.

81818app手机版下载First, as a practical matter, there have probably never been more babies and children in orphanages, on the street, on the market, or on their own. Yet intercountry adoptions have declined to levels not seen for ...


Humanity Betrayed: The Clinton Administration’S Failure To Intervene In The Rwandan Genocide, Julianna K. Rak 2020 Trinity University 81818app手机版下载

Humanity Betrayed: The Clinton Administration’S Failure To Intervene In The Rwandan Genocide, Julianna K. Rak

The Macksey Journal

In 1994, over 800,000 ethnic Tutsi and moderate Hutu were brutally slaughtered by ethnic Hutu in Rwanda. This international atrocity challenged the United States’ foreign policy response to humanitarian crises in the post-Cold War era. As the world’s leading superpower, the United States under the leadership of the Clinton Administration faced the choice to intervene on moral grounds or pursue foreign policy based solely on American interests abroad. In a speech at the Naval Academy commencement, President Clinton stated, “as the world’s greatest power, we have an obligation to lead, and at times, when our interests and ...


Israel's Modulation Of Checkpoints: Systematic Manipulation Of The Oslo Accords, Anna Rhodes 2020 Knox College 81818app手机版下载

Israel's Modulation Of Checkpoints: Systematic Manipulation Of The Oslo Accords, Anna Rhodes

The Macksey Journal

81818app手机版下载The theory of modulation, as introduced by Gilles Deleuze in 1990, serves as an instructive tool to think about the difficulties faced in Israel-Palestine. This paper seeks to discuss some of the major instances of Israeli legal modulation throughout the course of the Occupation with a heavy focus on these occurrences post-Oslo Accords. Israel modulates its policies concerning checkpoints and crossing between Palestinian-to Israeli-controlled territory based on its understanding of the Oslo Accords and Interim Agreement. The policies of this Agreement were implemented poorly on the ground and consequently did not create a successful roadmap to peace as it was ...


Special Rules Of Attribution Of Conduct In International Law, Marko Milanovic 2020 University of Nottingham 81818app手机版下载

Special Rules Of Attribution Of Conduct In International Law, Marko Milanovic

International Law Studies

Are there are any special rules of attribution in international law? Are there, in other words, imputational rules that are not recognized as such in general international law, but are specific to particular branches of international law? This is the first article to systematically analyze the notion of special rules of attribution in international law. In particular, it searches for such rules in international humanitarian law, the law on the use of force, and European human rights law.

The article argues that, to the extent special rules of attribution exist, they are rare and never uncontroversial. In most situations, putative ...


Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review 2020 Seattle University School of Law 81818app手机版下载

Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review

Seattle University Law Review

Table of Contents


Making The Case For Genocide, The Forced Sterilization Of Indigenous Peoples Of Peru, Ñusta P. Carranza Ko 2020 University of Baltimore

Making The Case For Genocide, The Forced Sterilization Of Indigenous Peoples Of Peru, Ñusta P. Carranza Ko

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Peru’s national health program Programa de Salud Reproductiva y Planificación Familiar81818app手机版下载 (PSRPF) aimed to uphold women’s reproductive rights and address the scarcity in maternity related services. Despite these objectives, during PSRPF’s implementation the respect for women’s rights were undermined with the forced sterilization of women predominantly of indigenous, poor, and rural backgrounds. This study considers the forced sterilization of indigenous women as a genocide. Making the case for genocide has not been done previously with this particular case. Using the normative markers of the Genocide Convention, this study categorically sets forced sterilization victims from the state-led-policy ...


Ethnic Inferencing: The Unanswered Question Of S And Marper V. United Kingdom, Jamie Jones 2020 Penn State Law 81818app手机版下载

Ethnic Inferencing: The Unanswered Question Of S And Marper V. United Kingdom, Jamie Jones

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


From Isolation To Independence: A Comparison Study Of Juvenile Solitary Confinement Practices In The United States And Germany, Claire Banks 2020 Penn State Law

From Isolation To Independence: A Comparison Study Of Juvenile Solitary Confinement Practices In The United States And Germany, Claire Banks

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

The “tough on crime” mentality originating in the 1980’s resulted in a crackdown of juvenile offenders for categorically non-dangerous crimes, leaving many to fend for themselves in high security prisons. An even more harrowing reality, tens of thousands of juvenile offenders in those state and federal prisons today are placed in solitary confinement for week or months on end. Extensive research indicates that solitary confinement has devastating effects on human development, mental soundness, and emotional coping – effects that, unsurprisingly, are much more devastating for juveniles than adults – signaling a desperate need for change. Looking to Germany as a model ...


Is This Belt One Size Fits All? China's Belt And Road Initiative, John C. Byrnes 2020 Penn State Law

Is This Belt One Size Fits All? China's Belt And Road Initiative, John C. Byrnes

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

Widely considered one of the largest and most ambitious infrastructure projects in human history, China’s Belt and Road Initiative [BRI] has made major headway since its inception in 2013. Although the BRI is formally adopted under the Chinese Communist Party Constitution as an initiative to secure “shared growth through discussion and collaboration,” the BRI is much more than these words convey. This Comment briefly introduces an overview of the BRI, including its components and early research on its effects on participating countries and regions. The Comment then conducts an in-depth analysis of four countries who have participated in the ...


The Role Of International Human Rights Law In The Adjudication Of Economic, Social, And Cultural Rights In Africa, John Mukum Mbaku 2020 Penn State Law

The Role Of International Human Rights Law In The Adjudication Of Economic, Social, And Cultural Rights In Africa, John Mukum Mbaku

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

Since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, there has been significant progress in the recognition and protection of human rights around the world. The international community has, since 1948, adopted several treaties, which impose obligations on States Parties to make certain that the human and fundamental rights of their citizens are recognized and fully protected. Although human rights are considered the domain of international law, international legal scholars have argued that national governments—that is, the governments of States Parties—must function as the mechanisms for enforcing international human rights law. However, in order for ...


Hassle-Free Travel: Myrie V. Barbados And Freedom Of Movement In Caricom, Jane E. Cross 2020 Penn State Law

Hassle-Free Travel: Myrie V. Barbados And Freedom Of Movement In Caricom, Jane E. Cross

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

81818app手机版下载No abstract provided.


A Tale Of Two Cities: Lhasa And Hong Kong In The Shadow Of Mao, Steven D. Mewha 2020 Penn State Law

A Tale Of Two Cities: Lhasa And Hong Kong In The Shadow Of Mao, Steven D. Mewha

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


The Rise Of American Conservatism In Israel, Rafi Reznik 2020 Penn State Law

The Rise Of American Conservatism In Israel, Rafi Reznik

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

The American fascination with the link between interpretive methodology and political ideology rarely reaches beyond its borders. This Article offers a comparative case study, which converses with the American example—Israel. A twofold argument is offered to facilitate this conversation. First, the Article identifies a shift in the ideological climate of the Supreme Court of Israel, manifested in the rise of a new interpretive method. For the first time, the interpretive theory prevailing in Israel, Purposive Interpretation, faces a viable competitor. The Article unpacks the challenges posed by the new theory, termed Purposive Originalism, in methodology as well as underlying ...


Foreword, 2020 Penn State Law 81818app手机版下载

Foreword

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

81818app手机版下载No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents, 2020 Penn State Law 81818app手机版下载

Table Of Contents

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Dedication, 2020 Penn State Law 81818app手机版下载

Dedication

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Jlia Editorial Board & Staff, 2020 Penn State Law

Jlia Editorial Board & Staff

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


International Tax: Tax Treaties, Kim Brooks 2020 Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University 81818app手机版下载

International Tax: Tax Treaties, Kim Brooks

OER Texts

This compendium of materials is designed to support the study of tax treaties around the world.


Equipping The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation For The Low-Carbon Transition How Are Other National Oil Companies Adapting?, Perrine Toledano, Martin Dietrich Brauch, Tehtena Mebratu-Tsegaye, Francisco Javier Pardinas Favela 2020 Columbia Law School, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment

Equipping The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation For The Low-Carbon Transition How Are Other National Oil Companies Adapting?, Perrine Toledano, Martin Dietrich Brauch, Tehtena Mebratu-Tsegaye, Francisco Javier Pardinas Favela

Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment Staff Publications

The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation’s (NNPC) persistent governance challenges have both hampered Nigeria’s oil sector development and deprived the country of public resources. The oil, climate, and COVID-19 crises and the ramp-up of the low-carbon transition exacerbate this reality, with the national oil company (NOC) delivering sub-optimal returns to its stakeholders.

Other NOCs have taken meaningful steps to become players in the low-carbon energy transition domestically or in­ternationally – for example, Sau­di Arabia’s Saudi Aramco, Norway’s Equinor, Brazil’s Petrobras, Malaysia’s Petronas, and Algeria’s Sonatrach. These NOCs can serve as sources of inspiration ...