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Foreword, 2020 Penn State Law

Foreword

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents, 2020 Penn State Law

Table Of Contents

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

81818app手机版下载No abstract provided.


Dedication, 2020 Penn State Law 81818app手机版下载

Dedication

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Jlia Editorial Board & Staff, 2020 Penn State Law 81818app手机版下载

Jlia Editorial Board & Staff

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

81818app手机版下载No abstract provided.


Innovation In A Legal Vacuum: The Uncertain Legal Landscape For Shared Micro-Mobility, David Pimentel, Michael B. Lowry, Timothy W. Koglin, Ronald W. Pimentel 2020 University of Idaho

Innovation In A Legal Vacuum: The Uncertain Legal Landscape For Shared Micro-Mobility, David Pimentel, Michael B. Lowry, Timothy W. Koglin, Ronald W. Pimentel

Journal of Law and Mobility

81818app手机版下载The last few years have seen an explosion in the number and size shared micro-mobility systems (“SMMS”) across the United States. Some of these systems have seen extraordinary success and the potential benefit of these systems to communities is considerable. However, SMMS have repeatedly ran into legal barriers that either prevent their implementation entirely, confuse and dissuade potential users, or otherwise limit SMMS’s potential positive impact.

This paper reflects a detailed study of state laws relating to SMMS and the platforms commonly used in these systems. The study uncovered many inconsistencies with micro-mobility laws across the country. Currently, many ...


Open Is Not Forever: A Study Of Vanished Open Access Journals, Mikael Laakso, Lisa Matthias, Najko Jahn 2020 Hanken School of Economics

Open Is Not Forever: A Study Of Vanished Open Access Journals, Mikael Laakso, Lisa Matthias, Najko Jahn

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

The preservation of the scholarly record has been a point of concern since the beginning of knowledge production. With print publications, the responsibility rested primarily with librarians, but the shift towards digital publishing and, in particular, the introduction of open access (OA) have caused ambiguity and complexity. Consequently, the long-term accessibility of journals is not always guaranteed, and they can even disappear from the web completely. The purpose of this exploratory study is to systematically study the phenomenon of vanished journals, something that has not been done before. For the analysis, we consulted several major bibliographic indexes, such as Scopus ...


Tiktok Is On The Clock, Will Democracy Stop?, Jenna Koleson 2020 Saint Louis University School of Law

Tiktok Is On The Clock, Will Democracy Stop?, Jenna Koleson

SLU Law Journal Online

On August 6, 2020, President Trump issued an executive order to deal with a supposed national emergency: TikTok. Jenna Koleson discusses how this severe response to abstract national security concerns sets a dangerous precedent for democracy.


Masthead, 2020 University of San Diego

Masthead

San Diego Law Review

81818app手机版下载No abstract provided.


Defining “Regular Occupation” In Long-Term Disability Insurance Policies, Margo Jasukaitis, Daniel O’Hara 2020 Georgetown University Law Center.

Defining “Regular Occupation” In Long-Term Disability Insurance Policies, Margo Jasukaitis, Daniel O’Hara

Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics

81818app手机版下载Millions of American workers purchase “regular occupation” disability insurance to protect against disability-related job loss. Unlike general disability insurance policies, which require workers be disabled from doing any job to receive benefit payments, “regular occupation” insurance pays benefits when workers become disabled from doing their specific job. Whether a disabled worker receives benefits under such a plan often turns on how insurers and courts define the worker’s “regular occupation.”


Health Justice Strategies To Eradicate Lead Poisoning: An Urgent Call To Action To Safeguard Future Generations, Emily A. Benfer, Emily Coffey, Allyson E. Gold, Mona Hanna-Attisha, Bruce Lanphear, Helen Y. Li, Ruth Ann Norton, David Rosner, Kate Walz 2020 Visiting Associate Clinical Professor of Law at Columbia Law School.

Health Justice Strategies To Eradicate Lead Poisoning: An Urgent Call To Action To Safeguard Future Generations, Emily A. Benfer, Emily Coffey, Allyson E. Gold, Mona Hanna-Attisha, Bruce Lanphear, Helen Y. Li, Ruth Ann Norton, David Rosner, Kate Walz

Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics

81818app手机版下载Despite over a century of evidence that lead is a neurotoxin that causes irreparable harm, today, lead continues to pervade children’s environments and remains a constant threat to health and wellbeing. One in three homes across the United States housing children under the age of six has significant lead-based paint hazards that place occupants at risk of permanent neurological harm and lifelong poor health risks. Federal, state, and local governments must use a range of primary prevention strategies in order to fully eradicate the risks and protect children from lead poisoning. This Article provides a comprehensive examination of best ...


Democracy And Health: Situating Health Rights Within A Republic Of Reasons, Alicia Ely Yamin, Tara Boghosian 2020 Senior Fellow on Global Health and Rights, Petrie-Flom Center for Health Law Policy, Biotechnology and Bioethics, and Senior Advisor, Bergen Centre on Ethics and Priority Setting. 81818app手机版下载

Democracy And Health: Situating Health Rights Within A Republic Of Reasons, Alicia Ely Yamin, Tara Boghosian

Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics

Patterns of population health are keen reflections of structural inequities in societies, yet they are rarely subject to the requirements of democratic justification that other systemic inequalities provoke. Nor are health systems generally subject to societal scrutiny regarding fidelity to normative commitments of dignity and equality. Increased recognition of social determinants of health has challenged the narrow biomedical view of health as a stochastic phenomenon. More recently the sweeping devastation of the COVID-19 pandemic has laid bare structural injustices across many democracies, which contributed to widely disparate rates of infection and mortality.


Transformative Models To Promote Prescription Drug Innovation And Access: A Landscape Analysis, Phebe Hong, Aaron S. Kesselheim, Ameet Sarpatwari 2020 Harvard Law School 81818app手机版下载

Transformative Models To Promote Prescription Drug Innovation And Access: A Landscape Analysis, Phebe Hong, Aaron S. Kesselheim, Ameet Sarpatwari

Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics

81818app手机版下载The patent-based pharmaceutical innovation system in the US does not incentivize the development of drugs with the greatest impact on patient or public health. It has also led to drug prices that patients and health care systems cannot afford. Three alternate approaches to promoting pharmaceutical innovation have been proposed to address these shortcomings. Delinkage models involve payments for drug innovation based on public health value rather than on a per-use basis. Public manufacturing models call upon governments and nonprofit organizations to lead drug discovery, development, and production. Public-private partnership models entail publicly-funded organizations working closely with for-profit partners on drug ...


Early Access To Unapproved Medicines In The United States And France, Erika Lietzan, Isabelle Moine-Dupuis 2020 Associate Professor at the University of Missouri School of Law

Early Access To Unapproved Medicines In The United States And France, Erika Lietzan, Isabelle Moine-Dupuis

Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics

81818app手机版下载In 2018, President Trump signed a federal “right to try” law, claiming that it would give desperately ill patients earlier access to unapproved medicines, by allowing the patient, doctor, and drug company to arrange for access without federal oversight. Critics of the law argued that it would not meaningfully increase access to experimental medicines, because federal oversight was not the obstacle in the first place. And they were correct. U.S. law already permitted companies to provide terminally ill patients with early access to unapproved medicines. The problem was instead that companies did not take advantage of this option. This ...


Mission Command Of Multi-Domain Operations, Mark Balboni, John A. Bonin, Robert Mundell, Doug Orsi 2020 US Army War College

Mission Command Of Multi-Domain Operations, Mark Balboni, John A. Bonin, Robert Mundell, Doug Orsi

Monographs, Books, and Publications

81818app手机版下载This research monograph explores the Army’s emerging concept of multi-domain operations and its implications on the mission command approach. The transition to multi-domain operations changes the traditional view of how Army commanders and staffs conduct operations in the physical environment to include simultaneously operations in the information environment within the competition continuum.

This monograph will utilize the introduction of the aircraft during World War I as a historical case study for the integration of new domains. The Army has integrated new domains in the past and this example provides the historical context for the challenges involving integration of new ...


Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems: Translating Geek Speak For Lawyers, Linell A. Letendre 2020 United States Air Force Academy

Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems: Translating Geek Speak For Lawyers, Linell A. Letendre

International Law Studies

81818app手机版下载This article provides an overview of robotics and autonomous systems so that attorneys can better understand the systems and design principles of lethal autonomous weapon systems (LAWS) that may be used in an armed conflict. Using the lens of establishing a common language between engineers and attorneys, the article introduces the basics of robotics terminology, explores how autonomous systems work by explaining control systems and control architecture, and examines how autonomous systems learn and reason. It also suggests a number of questions attorneys should ask engineers during the design process in order to ensure autonomous systems are designed in a ...


A Bibliography Of Faculty Scholarship, Law Library 2020 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law 81818app手机版下载

A Bibliography Of Faculty Scholarship, Law Library

Scholarly Articles and Other Contributions

The purpose of this bibliography is to record in one place the substantial body of scholarship produced by the current faculty at the Catholic University, Columbus School of Law. From its humble beginnings under the tutelage of founding Dean William Callyhan Robinson, through its adolescent period when, like so many other American law schools, it was trying to define its pedagogical niche, to its eventual merger with the Columbus University Law School in 1954, the law school at Catholic University has always retained a scholarly and remarkably productive faculty. The sheer quantity of writing, the breadth of research and the ...


Racial Justice And Decriminalization Of Prostitution: No Protection For Women Of Color, Janice G. Raymond 2020 University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Racial Justice And Decriminalization Of Prostitution: No Protection For Women Of Color, Janice G. Raymond

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

81818app手机版下载No abstract provided.


Against The Status Crimes Doctrine, West Menefee Bakke 2020 Southern Methodist University, Dedman School of Law 81818app手机版下载

Against The Status Crimes Doctrine, West Menefee Bakke

SMU Law Review Forum

No abstract provided.


Wrongful Conviction Documentaries: Influences Of Crime Media Exposure On Mock Juror Decision-Making, Patricia Y. Sanchez 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York 81818app手机版下载

Wrongful Conviction Documentaries: Influences Of Crime Media Exposure On Mock Juror Decision-Making, Patricia Y. Sanchez

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Psychology and law researchers have urged colleagues to collaborate with the makers of popular media, such as documentary filmmakers, in efforts to educate the general public about wrongful convictions (Kassin, 2017; Wells et al., 2000). Recently, programs depicting wrongful convictions, such as Making a Murderer (Demos & Ricciardi, 2015) and When They See Us (DuVernay, 2019) have garnered substantial viewership. Research on general and case-specific pretrial publicity (Daftary-Kapur et al., 2014; Kovera, 2002) and the effects of crime media (Baskin & Sommers, 2010; Schweitzer & Saks, 2007) demonstrate that although consuming crime-related media and being exposed to information about a criminal trial can influence jurors’ attitudes, these effects do not always translate into informed case decisions (Holmgren & Fordham, 2011; Kim et al., 2009). This research aimed to answer the following question: does exposure to commentary on the risk factors of wrongful conviction, such as eyewitness errors and false confessions, lead viewers to become more discriminating as jurors, voting to convict when the primary ...


Rethinking Mistake In The Age Of Algorithms, Vincent OOI, Kian Peng SOH 2020 Singapore Management University

Rethinking Mistake In The Age Of Algorithms, Vincent Ooi, Kian Peng Soh

Research Collection School Of Law

81818app手机版下载In our previous note: Cryptocurrencies and Code before the Courts ((2019) 30(3) King’s Law Journal 331 - 337), we discussed the Singapore International Commercial Court (High Court)’s decision in B2C2 Ltd v Quoine Pte Ltd. The case subsequently went on appeal, and the Singapore International Commercial Court (Court of Appeal), by a majority, affirmed the decision of the lower court in Quoine v B2C2 (“Quoine”). The case of Quoine represents the first time an apex court in the Commonwealth has ruled on the applicability of contractual principles to situations involving automated trading software. In our recent case note ...