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Feed Additives For Swine: Fact Sheets – Prebiotics And Probiotics, And Phytogenics, J Y. Jacela, Joel M. DeRouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, David G. Renter, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Feed Additives For Swine: Fact Sheets – Prebiotics And Probiotics, And Phytogenics, J Y. Jacela, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, David G. Renter, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

There is increasing pressure for livestock producers to minimize the use of antibiotics as growth promoters in food animals. Supplementing beneficial microorganisms in the gastrointestinal tract is one potential alternative. A diverse population of beneficial and potentially harmful microorganisms exists in the gastrointestinal tract of the pig. In a healthy animal, a delicate balance between these two groups of organisms is maintained. However, during times of stress, such as during weaning in the case of piglets, this balance may be affected and can lead to a rapid growth of harmful microorganisms. This may result in poor performance or disease. Thus ...


Virginia Game Fish Tagging Program Annual Report 2009, John A. Lucy, Lewis Gillingham 2010 Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Virginia Game Fish Tagging Program Annual Report 2009, John A. Lucy, Lewis Gillingham

Reports

Through 2009, the Virginia Game Fish Tagging Program has maintained a 15-year database for tagged and recaptured fish. The program is a cooperative project of the Virginia Saltwater Fishing Tournament (under the Virginia Marine Resources Commission/VMRC) and the Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) of the College of William and Mary (under VIMS Sea Grant Marine Extension Program).


Allied Industry Approaches To Alter Intramuscular Fat Content And Composition In Beef Animals, Michael V. Dodson, Zhihua Jiang, Jie Chen, Gary J. Hausman, LeLuo Guan, Jan Novakofski, David P. Thompson, Carol L. Lorenzen, Melinda E. Fernyhough, Priya Mir, James M. Reecy 2010 Washington State University 81818app手机版下载

Allied Industry Approaches To Alter Intramuscular Fat Content And Composition In Beef Animals, Michael V. Dodson, Zhihua Jiang, Jie Chen, Gary J. Hausman, Leluo Guan, Jan Novakofski, David P. Thompson, Carol L. Lorenzen, Melinda E. Fernyhough, Priya Mir, James M. Reecy

Animal Science Publications

Biochemical and biophysical research tools are used to define the developmental dynamics of numerous cell lineages from a variety of tissues relevant to meat quality. With respect to the adipose cell lineage, much of our present understanding of adipogenesis and lipid metabolism was initially determined through the use of these methods, even though the in vitro or molecular environments are far removed from the tissues of meat animals. This concise review focuses on recent cellular and molecular biology-related research with adipocytes, and how the research might be extended to the endpoint of altering red meat quality. Moreover, economic and policy ...


A Calcitonin Receptor (Calcr) Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Is Associated With Growth Performance And Bone Integrity In Response To Dietary Phosphorus Deficiency, L. S. Alexander, A. Qu, Sara A. Cutler, A. Mahajan, Max F. Rothschild, W. Cai, Jack C. Dekkers, Chad H. Stahl 2010 North Carolina State University at Raleigh 81818app手机版下载

A Calcitonin Receptor (Calcr) Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Is Associated With Growth Performance And Bone Integrity In Response To Dietary Phosphorus Deficiency, L. S. Alexander, A. Qu, Sara A. Cutler, A. Mahajan, Max F. Rothschild, W. Cai, Jack C. Dekkers, Chad H. Stahl

Animal Science Publications

Although concerns over the environmental impact of excess P in the excreta from pig production and governmental regulations have driven research toward reducing dietary supplementation of P to swine diets for over a decade, recent dramatic increases in feed costs have further motivated researchers to identify means to further reduce dietary P supplementation. We have demonstrated that genetic background impacts P utilization in young pigs and have identified genetic polymorphisms in several target genes related to mineral utilization. In this study, we examined the impact of a SNP in the calcitonin receptor gene (CALCR) on P utilization in growing pigs ...


Short Communication. Snp Analyses Of The 5ht1r And Stat Genes In Pacific White Shrimp, Litopenaeus Vannamei, S. Martin Marti, Suneel K. Onteru, Zhi-Qiang Du, Max F. Rothschild 2010 Universitat de Lleida 81818app手机版下载

Short Communication. Snp Analyses Of The 5ht1r And Stat Genes In Pacific White Shrimp, Litopenaeus Vannamei, S. Martin Marti, Suneel K. Onteru, Zhi-Qiang Du, Max F. Rothschild

Animal Science Publications

Shrimp aquaculture is one of the growing animal industries. Breeding stocks with high disease-resistance and growth rate are of particular interest to shrimp breeders. Association studies are useful to find genetic markers for marker assisted selection of animals. Using six Litopenaeus vannamei individuals from a sample population, four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were found in the 5HT1R (5-hydroxytryptamine receptor1) gene and one SNP in the STAT (signal transducer and activator of transcription) gene. However, the SNP in the STAT gene was homozygous in a different population used for association analyses. The association analyses revealed that allele C of two SNPs ...


Canopy Demographics At The Firestone Reserve, Costa Rica, Gizelle M. Pera 2010 Claremont McKenna College 81818app手机版下载

Canopy Demographics At The Firestone Reserve, Costa Rica, Gizelle M. Pera

CMC Senior Theses

Though Costa Rica has suffered numerous bouts of deforestation to its valuable tropical rainforest area, especially in the 1970s, it has become a leader in its efforts to regenerate and restore its rainforest. However, studies and protocols for the assessment of forest regeneration are urgently required. Research has shown that the percentage of light penetrating the canopy floor, or light fraction, is a good indicator of rainforest maturity. In this study, digital rectilinear photography and a global positioning system receiver were used to survey the Firestone Reserve inCosta Rica in order to measure the light fraction differences between primary/riparian ...


Robert Edward Tucker, Sr. Papers, Zach S. Henderson Library Special Collections 2010 Georgia Southern University

Robert Edward Tucker, Sr. Papers, Zach S. Henderson Library Special Collections

Finding Aids

81818app手机版下载This collection consists of Robert Edward Tucker, Sr.’s ornithology field notes and journals concerning observations in the Chatham County area & the Georgia coastal islands. Most materials are handwritten and include daily observations from 1984-1997.


How Farmers Learn: Implications For Agricultural Educations, Nancy K. Franz, Fred Piercy, Joseph Donaldson, Robert Richard 2010 Iowa State University 81818app手机版下载

How Farmers Learn: Implications For Agricultural Educations, Nancy K. Franz, Fred Piercy, Joseph Donaldson, Robert Richard

Education Publications

81818app手机版下载In this participatory action research, guided by a steering committee of farmers and agricultural educators, we examined how farmers learn and identified implications for agricultural educators. Since most educators teach the way they prefer to learn, this research could shape agricultural educators’ practice with farmers. Focus group interviews and surveys with 115 farmers and agricultural educators helped us understand how and why farmers learn and the role of agricultural educators, especially Extension educators, in farmer learning. Farmers articulated a learning process that relies mostly on first-hand experiences motivated by saving time and money, learning about cutting edge research, and engaging ...


The Effects Of Planting Methods And Granivory On Seedling Emergence In A Tallgrass Prairie Reconstruction, Justin Vernon Huisman 2010 University of Northern Iowa

The Effects Of Planting Methods And Granivory On Seedling Emergence In A Tallgrass Prairie Reconstruction, Justin Vernon Huisman

Dissertations and Theses @ UNI

This study investigates effects of various seed incorporation methods (none, cultipack, rake, rake and culti-pack) and seed predation on prairie species emergence and establishment over two growing seasons. To assess seed incorporation, seed was coated with a fluorescent orange powder and sampled with a black light the night of seeding. Powder coated seed was broadcast seeded in early November 2007. Seed was incorporated into the soil by culti-packing, raking, or a combination of raking followed by culti-packing. Seed was not incorporated into the soil in control plots. Granivore exclosures in the research plots were used to determine the effect of ...


Induction Of Interferon And Interferon Signaling Pathways By Replication Of Defective Interfering Particle Rna In Cells Constitutively Expressing Vesicular Stomatitis Virus Replication Proteins, Debasis Panda, Phat X. Dinh, Lalit Beura, Asit K. Pattnaik 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Induction Of Interferon And Interferon Signaling Pathways By Replication Of Defective Interfering Particle Rna In Cells Constitutively Expressing Vesicular Stomatitis Virus Replication Proteins, Debasis Panda, Phat X. Dinh, Lalit Beura, Asit K. Pattnaik

Papers in Veterinary and Biomedical Science

We show here that replication of defective interfering (DI) particle RNA in HEK293 cells stably expressing vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) replication proteins potently activates interferon (IFN) and IFN signaling pathways through upregulation of IFN- promoter, IFN-stimulated response element (ISRE) promoter, and NF-κB promoter activities. Replication of DI particle RNA, not mere expression of the viral replication proteins, was found to be critical for induction of IFN and IFN signaling. The stable cells supporting replication of DI RNA described in this report will be useful in further examining the innate immune signaling pathways and the host cell functions in viral genome ...


Primary Gamma-Herpesviral Infection In Zambian Children, Veenu Minhas, Brad P. Brayfield, Kay L. Crabtree, Chipepo Kankasa, Charles D. Mitchell, Charles Wood 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln 81818app手机版下载

Primary Gamma-Herpesviral Infection In Zambian Children, Veenu Minhas, Brad P. Brayfield, Kay L. Crabtree, Chipepo Kankasa, Charles D. Mitchell, Charles Wood

Virology Papers

Background: HHV-8 is closely related to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), but the clinical presentations of these two infections in early childhood are not well understood. Also, it is not known whether infection by one virus correlates with another. Here, we compare the natural history of infection by these two viruses along with the clinical manifestations and risk factors that are associated with early childhood infection in Zambia, which is an endemic area for HHV-8.

Methods: This study was conducted in a cohort of 12 month old Zambian children (N = 677). Data on socio-economic status and a wide range of clinical manifestations ...


Neuroaids In Africa, Kevin Robertson, Jeff Liner, James Hakim, Jean-Louis Sankalé, Igor Grant, Scott Letendre, David Clifford, Amadou Gallo Diop, Assan Jaye, Georgette Kanmogne, Alfred Njamnshi, T. Dianne Langford, Tufa Gemechu Weyessa, Charles Wood, Mwanza Banda, Mina Hosseinipour, Ned Sacktor, Noeline Nakasuja, Paul Bangirana, Robert Paul, John Joska, Joseph Wong, Michael Boivin, Penny Holding, Betsy Kammerer, Annelies Van Rie, Prudence Ive, Avindra Nath, Kathy Lawler, Clement Adebamowo, Walter Royal III, Jeymohan Joseph 2010 University of North Carolina

Neuroaids In Africa, Kevin Robertson, Jeff Liner, James Hakim, Jean-Louis Sankalé, Igor Grant, Scott Letendre, David Clifford, Amadou Gallo Diop, Assan Jaye, Georgette Kanmogne, Alfred Njamnshi, T. Dianne Langford, Tufa Gemechu Weyessa, Charles Wood, Mwanza Banda, Mina Hosseinipour, Ned Sacktor, Noeline Nakasuja, Paul Bangirana, Robert Paul, John Joska, Joseph Wong, Michael Boivin, Penny Holding, Betsy Kammerer, Annelies Van Rie, Prudence Ive, Avindra Nath, Kathy Lawler, Clement Adebamowo, Walter Royal Iii, Jeymohan Joseph

Virology Papers

81818app手机版下载In July 2009, the Center for Mental Health Research on AIDS at the National Institute of Mental Health organized and supported the meeting “NeuroAIDS in Africa.” This meeting was held in Cape Town, South Africa, and was affiliated with the 5th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention. Presentations began with an overview of the epidemiology of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, the molecular epidemiology of HIV, HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HANDs), and HAND treatment. These introductory talks were followed by presentations on HAND research and clinical care in Botswana, Cameroon, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Uganda ...


2010 Agricultural Research Southeast Agricultural Research Center, Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

2010 Agricultural Research Southeast Agricultural Research Center, Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station And Cooperative Extension Service

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

81818app手机版下载No abstract provided.


Factors Affecting Storage Stability Of Various Commercial Phytase Sources, R C. Sulabo, C K. Jones, D R. Campbell, B W. Ratliff, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. DeRouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries 81818app手机版下载

Factors Affecting Storage Stability Of Various Commercial Phytase Sources, R C. Sulabo, C K. Jones, D R. Campbell, B W. Ratliff, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A 360-d study was performed to evaluate the effects of environmental conditions on storage stability of exogenous phytases. Coated and uncoated products from 3 phytase sources (Ronozyme P, OptiPhos, and Phyzyme) were stored as pure forms, in a vitamin premix, or in a vitamin and trace mineral (VTM) premix. Pure products were stored at 0, 41, 73, and 99ºF (75% humidity). Premixes were stored at 73 and 99ºF. Sampling was performed on d 0, 30, 60, 90, 120, 180, 270, and 360. Sampling of the pure products stored at 0 and 41ºF was discontinued after d 120 due to mold ...


Nutrient Analysis Of Sorghum Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles From Ethanol Plants Located In The Western Plains Region, K M. Sotak, Robert D. Goodband, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. DeRouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Nutrient Analysis Of Sorghum Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles From Ethanol Plants Located In The Western Plains Region, K M. Sotak, Robert D. Goodband, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

81818app手机版下载Samples of sorghum dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) were collected and analyzed to establish a nutrient database and evaluate the quality and consistency between and within samples taken from 5 ethanol plants in the Western Plains region. Four plants were located in Kansas and 1 in Texas. A total of 21 samples were collected, with 4 plants contributing 4 samples each and 1 plant contributing 5 samples from different manufacturing lots of DDGS. Each sample was analyzed for amino acids, DM, CP, crude fiber, crude fat, ash, NDF, ADF, Ca, P, trace minerals, GE, and starch. In addition, DE ...


Field Day 2010, Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service 2010 Kansas State University Libraries 81818app手机版下载

Field Day 2010, Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station And Cooperative Extension Service

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

81818app手机版下载Each Field Day report consists of individual research reports on topics specific to the region, including cultural methods for most of the major crops grown in Kansas, mitigating the effects of weeds, insects, and disease associated with those crops, and irrigation. Research is conducted and reports written by staff of the K-State Research and Extension Southwest Research Extension Center.


A Comparison Of Denagard, Denagard/Ctc And Pulmotil On Nursery Pig Growth Performance And Economic Return, K M. Sotak, M Hammer, J Y. Jacela, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. DeRouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

A Comparison Of Denagard, Denagard/Ctc And Pulmotil On Nursery Pig Growth Performance And Economic Return, K M. Sotak, M Hammer, J Y. Jacela, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 880 weanling pigs (initially 15.6 lb and 16 to 20 d of age) were used in a 41-d experiment to compare the effects of different antibiotic regimens on growth performance and economic return in the nursery phase. Pigs were alloted to 1 of 5 treatment groups based on weight within gender. The antibiotic regimens included: (1) control diets containing no antibiotic throughout the trial, (2) a combination of Denagard (Novartis Animal Health, Greensboro, NC) at 35g/ton and chlortetracycline at 400g/ton (Denagard/CTC) for the entire 41-d trial, (3) a Pulmotil (Elanco, Greenfield, IN) regimen ...


Effects Of Extrusion Processing On The Nutritional Value Of Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles In Diets For Nursery Pigs, S M. Williams, C B. Paulk, S Issa, Terry L. Gugle, Joe D. Hancock 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Effects Of Extrusion Processing On The Nutritional Value Of Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles In Diets For Nursery Pigs, S M. Williams, C B. Paulk, S Issa, Terry L. Gugle, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

81818app手机版下载A total of 224 pigs (PIC TR4 x 1050, initially 18.7 lb avg BW) were used in a 21-d experiment to determine the effects of extrusion processing on the nutritional value of dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) in diets for nursery pigs. The pigs were weaned at 21 d of age, sorted by sex and ancestry, and blocked by BW. All pigs were fed a common diet for 11 d postweaning and the experimental treatments for the next 21 d. Treatments were a corn-soybean meal-based control and 3 diets formulated with 30% DDGS. The 3 DDGS treatments were ...


Effects Of Increasing Pep-Ns On Nursery Pig Performance, A J. Myers, B W. Ratliff, D McKilligan, G Xu, J Moline, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. DeRouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries 81818app手机版下载

Effects Of Increasing Pep-Ns On Nursery Pig Performance, A J. Myers, B W. Ratliff, D Mckilligan, G Xu, J Moline, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

81818app手机版下载A total of 180 nursery pigs (PIC 1050, initially 14.2 lb and 28 d of age) were used in a 24-d study to evaluate the effects of increasing PEP-NS on nursery pig performance. PEP-NS is a combination of porcine intestinal mucosa and by-products of corn wetmilling. There were 5 pigs per pen and 6 pens per treatment. There were 6 dietary treatments: a negative control containing no specialty proteins, the negative control diet with 3, 6, 9, or 12% PEP-NS, or the negative control with 6% select menhaden fish meal (SMFM). The diet with 6% SMFM contained the same ...


Evaluation Of Increasing Select Menhaden Fish Meal Or Peptone Protein Sources In Nursery Pig Diets, A J. Myers, B W. Ratliff, D McKilligan, G Xu, J Moline, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. DeRouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries 81818app手机版下载

Evaluation Of Increasing Select Menhaden Fish Meal Or Peptone Protein Sources In Nursery Pig Diets, A J. Myers, B W. Ratliff, D Mckilligan, G Xu, J Moline, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 350 nursery pigs (PIC 1050 x C327, initially 14.3 lb and 28 d of age) were used in a 24-d study to evaluate the effects of select menhaden fish meal (SMFM), PEP2 (also known as Ferm-O-Tide), and Peptone 50, on nursery pig performance. PEP2 and Peptone 50 are a combination of refined porcine intestinal mucosa that is co-dried with vegetable proteins. PEP2 contains an enzymatically processed vegetable protein, while Peptone 50 contains a complementary vegetable protein. There were 10 dietary treatments: a negative control containing no specialty protein, the negative control diet with 2, 4, or ...