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Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Commons

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Understanding The Microbial Population Of Lactococcus Lactis. Subsp. Strains During Cheese Making And Initial Storage, Rhitika Poudel 2020 Utah State University

Understanding The Microbial Population Of Lactococcus Lactis. Subsp. Strains During Cheese Making And Initial Storage, Rhitika Poudel

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Cheddar cheese is manufactured by fermenting milk with lactic acid bacteria added as Lactococcus lactis. The two major subspecies used are lactis and cremoris. Starter culture for this study was prepared and donated by Vivolac Cultures Corporation, Greenfield, Indiana. Cheddar cheese was made in duplicate using two strains of lactis and cremoris81818app手机版下载. Milled curd was salted with 2.0, 2.4, 2.8, 3.2 and 3.6% salt, pressed for 3 h and stored at 6°C. The curd was sampled during cheese making and after 6d storage. Two different methods of enumeration were employed. One method involved plate ...


Relationships Among Lifestyle Awareness, Age, And Lifestyle-Related Diseases In Healthy Japanese Community Residents, Masayo Nagai 2020 AINO university

Relationships Among Lifestyle Awareness, Age, And Lifestyle-Related Diseases In Healthy Japanese Community Residents, Masayo Nagai

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Purpose

It is widely known that the risk of lifestyle-related diseases can be reduced by reviewing lifestyles, and a variety of efforts for their prevention, such as health education, are being implemented. This study examined among the community residents’ lifestyle awareness, viewing on their health and lifestyles, age, and lifestyle-related diseases.

Methods

81818app手机版下载Study subjects were 180 healthy people (28 men and 152 women) who participated in a health checkup. Participants answered a questionnaire about regarding the subjects’ awareness as health and lifestyle and questions regarding their views of disorders, with subsequent measurements of speed of sound (SOS), acceleration plethysmography (APG ...


Beyond Clinical Food Prescriptions And Mobile Markets: Parent Views On The Role Of A Healthcare Institution In Increasing Healthy Eating In Food Insecure Families., Emily DeWit, Emily Meissen-Sebelius, Robin P. Shook, Kimberly Pina, Evelyn Donis De Miranda, Michelle J. Summar, Emily A. Hurley 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital

Beyond Clinical Food Prescriptions And Mobile Markets: Parent Views On The Role Of A Healthcare Institution In Increasing Healthy Eating In Food Insecure Families., Emily Dewit, Emily Meissen-Sebelius, Robin P. Shook, Kimberly Pina, Evelyn Donis De Miranda, Michelle J. Summar, Emily A. Hurley

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

81818app手机版下载BACKGROUND: Children in food-insecure families face increased barriers to meeting recommendations for fruit and vegetable consumption. Hospitals and pediatric healthcare institutions have attempted to alleviate food-insecurity through various internal programs like food prescriptions, yet little evidence for these programs exist. Consistent with a patient-centered perspective, we sought to develop a comprehensive understanding of barriers to fruit and vegetable consumption and a parent-driven agenda for healthcare system action.

81818app手机版下载METHODS: We conducted six qualitative focus group discussions (four in English, two in Spanish) with 29 parents and caregivers of patients who had screened positive for food-insecurity during visits to a large pediatric ...


Intensive Animal Farming Conditions Are A Major Threat To Global Health, Cynthia Schuck-Paim 2020 Independent Researcher

Intensive Animal Farming Conditions Are A Major Threat To Global Health, Cynthia Schuck-Paim

Animal Sentience

Wiebers & Feigin accurately propose that reducing the risks posed by infectious disease outbreaks and other global health challenges will depend critically on transitioning away from intensive animal farming practices. Creating the right incentive structure for this transition to happen is one of the great challenges in the years to come, but a much-needed step to ensure the health and well-being of current and future generations.


Rural Snap Participants And Food Insecurity: How Can Communities Leverage Resources To Meet The Growing Food Insecurity Status Of Rural And Low-Income Residents?, Emily M. DeWitt, Rachel Gillespie, Heather Norman-Burgdolf, Kathryn Cardarelli, Stacey A. Slone, Alison A. Gustafson 2020 University of Kentucky

Rural Snap Participants And Food Insecurity: How Can Communities Leverage Resources To Meet The Growing Food Insecurity Status Of Rural And Low-Income Residents?, Emily M. Dewitt, Rachel Gillespie, Heather Norman-Burgdolf, Kathryn Cardarelli, Stacey A. Slone, Alison A. Gustafson

Dietetics and Human Nutrition Faculty Publications

The burden of obesity disproportionately influences poor health outcomes in rural communities in the United States. Various social and environmental factors contribute to inadequate food access and availability in rural areas, influencing dietary intakes and food insecurity rates. This study aims to identify patterns related to food insecurity and fruit and vegetable consumption within a SNAP-eligible and low-income, highly obese rural Appalachian community. A prospective cohort was implemented to identify gaps in resources addressing obesity and food insecurity challenges. SAS 9.4 software was used to examine differences in dietary intakes and shopping practices among SNAP participants. Among participants (n ...


Policy, Systems, And Environmental Change: A Planning Tool For Community Health Implementation, Lauren E. Kennedy, Christopher T. Sneed, Karen L. Franck, Heather Norman, Lisa Washburn, Soghra Jarvandi, Janet Mullins 2020 Michigan State University

Policy, Systems, And Environmental Change: A Planning Tool For Community Health Implementation, Lauren E. Kennedy, Christopher T. Sneed, Karen L. Franck, Heather Norman, Lisa Washburn, Soghra Jarvandi, Janet Mullins

Dietetics and Human Nutrition Faculty Publications

81818app手机版下载Extension educators across the United States are being asked to expand their direct education efforts to include policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) changes. However, professional development opportunities and tools are needed to familiarize Extension professionals with PSE change approaches, build their capacity to implement PSE change, and make the process relevant to their work. We describe a planning tool developed for a unique multistate PSE change intervention training and designed to facilitate the process of PSE change implementation at the local level. An example of the tool and recommendations for others wishing to use it are included.


Two States, One Mission: Building Policy, Systems, And Environmental Change Capacity Of County Extension Educators, Christopher T. Sneed, Karen L. Franck, Heather Norman, Lisa Washburn, Lauren E. Kennedy, Soghra Jarvandi, Janet Mullins 2020 University of Tennessee, Knoxville 81818app手机版下载

Two States, One Mission: Building Policy, Systems, And Environmental Change Capacity Of County Extension Educators, Christopher T. Sneed, Karen L. Franck, Heather Norman, Lisa Washburn, Lauren E. Kennedy, Soghra Jarvandi, Janet Mullins

Dietetics and Human Nutrition Faculty Publications

Policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) change interventions are a key part of comprehensive nutrition and health education. Although Extension educators find value in PSE approaches and report being involved in PSE work, many still indicate a lack of understanding regarding PSE approaches. We describe a unique multistate training designed to increase Extension educators' understanding, skills, and capacity related to implementing PSE change interventions. Data demonstrating success of the training are presented. Additionally, best practices for others wishing to create similar multistate programs conclude the article.


Examining Provider Perceptions And Roles Associated To Breastfeeding Support And Medical Management In Primary Care, Meghan Ganio Molinari 2020 Winthrop University

Examining Provider Perceptions And Roles Associated To Breastfeeding Support And Medical Management In Primary Care, Meghan Ganio Molinari

Graduate Theses

Background81818app手机版下载: Human milk is recommended as the exclusive source of nutrition for all infants in the first six months of life. Current rates of exclusive breastfeeding at six months are well below the public health recommendations (24.9% as of 2015). New mothers may experience many challenges which impact both breastfeeding initiation and duration rates in the postpartum period. Studies indicate that breastfeeding rates improve when women receive a combination of prenatal education coupled with postnatal support. Primary care practitioners in outpatient settings have a unique opportunity to provide lactation education, support, and medical management for their patients to improve ...


Diet, Nutrition, And Substance Use Disorder, Mateja R. Savoie-Roskos, Ashley Yaugher, Alise Williams Condie, Gabriela Murza, Maren Wright Voss, Kandice Atisme 2020 Utah State University 81818app手机版下载

Diet, Nutrition, And Substance Use Disorder, Mateja R. Savoie-Roskos, Ashley Yaugher, Alise Williams Condie, Gabriela Murza, Maren Wright Voss, Kandice Atisme

All Current Publications

Consuming a healthy diet can benefit everyone—especially individuals with substance use disorder (SUD), a disorder that occurs when frequent use of drugs or alcohol causes impairment, health issues, and difficulties with managing daily responsibilities (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration [SAMHSA], 2020). Although often overlooked, nutrition can play a key role in the treatment and recovery process for individuals with SUD, and should be included as part of a holistic approach toward recovery. In this fact sheet we will review how diet and nutrition are impacted during an active addiction, and the influence nutrition can have on treatment ...


A 2-Hour Diabetes Self-Management Education Program For Patients With Low Socioeconomic Status Improves Short-Term Glycemic Control, Michael G. Jakoby IV, Melissa Schleder, Vickie Luff, Cynthia Yergler, Albert Botchway, Cheryl Burns 2020 Southern Illinois University School of Medicine

A 2-Hour Diabetes Self-Management Education Program For Patients With Low Socioeconomic Status Improves Short-Term Glycemic Control, Michael G. Jakoby Iv, Melissa Schleder, Vickie Luff, Cynthia Yergler, Albert Botchway, Cheryl Burns

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

81818app手机版下载Diabetes self-management education (DSME) improves glycemic control, but patients with low socioeconomic status face institutional and personal barriers to receiving DSME. A retrospective single cohort study of a 2-hour group DSME program prioritizing accessibility and completion of a tightly focused curriculum was performed to determine if glycemic control improved and whether a longer, more comprehensive, prospective evaluation of the program is indicated. All patients who participated in the program from September 2017 to December 2018 were included in the analysis. The primary study endpoint was change in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) from baseline. A total of 58 out of 94 patients ...


Do Adults Utilizing Intermittent Fasting Improve Lipids More Than Those Following A Restricted-Calorie Diet? A Clin-Iq, Mitchell A. Sanford, Tracy S. Sanford, K. F. Campbell, Dustin Davis, Tammy Tandberg, L. N. Eagle Road 2020 Choctaw Nation Family Medicine Residency

Do Adults Utilizing Intermittent Fasting Improve Lipids More Than Those Following A Restricted-Calorie Diet? A Clin-Iq, Mitchell A. Sanford, Tracy S. Sanford, K. F. Campbell, Dustin Davis, Tammy Tandberg, L. N. Eagle Road

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

With approximately 95 million Americans diagnosed with high cholesterol, and many searching for a nonmedicinal treatment, intermittent fasting as a method to improve health has become increasingly popular in the lay public. We conducted a clinical inquiry to determine whether intermittent fasting is superior to a low-calorie diet in improving lipids, searching the Cochrane, EBSCOhost81818app手机版下载, Embase, MEDLINE, and Scopus databases using the terms intermittent fasting, lipids, and calorie-restricted diet. Studies that included surgical weight loss or medicine-assisted weight loss were excluded. We identified 6 published studies, 5 of which were randomized controlled trials. In reviewing the selected studies, there ...


Reviewers Acknowledgment, Jillian Inouye PhD 2020 University of Hawaii at Manoa 81818app手机版下载

Reviewers Acknowledgment, Jillian Inouye Phd

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

No abstract provided.


What Works In Mindfulness Interventions For Medically Unexplained Symptoms? : A Systematic Review, Ruel Billones, Nada Lukkahatai, Leorey Saligan 2020 National Instiute of Nursing Research, NIH 81818app手机版下载

What Works In Mindfulness Interventions For Medically Unexplained Symptoms? : A Systematic Review, Ruel Billones, Nada Lukkahatai, Leorey Saligan

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Background/Purpose: Mindfulness Based Interventions (MBIs) have been used in medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). This systematic review describes the literature investigating the general effect of MBIs on MUS and identifies the effects of specific MBIs on specific MUS conditions.

Methods81818app手机版下载:The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis Guidelines (PRISMA) and the modified Oxford Quality Scoring System (Jadad Score) were applied to the review, yielding an initial 1,556 articles. The search engines included PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE and PsychINFO using the search terms: mindfulness, or mediations, or mindful or MBCT or MBSR and medically unexplained ...


Consumption Of Added Sugars By Rural Residents Of Southwest Virginia, Maryam Yuhas, Valisa Hedrick, Jamie Zoellner 2020 University of Virginia 81818app手机版下载

Consumption Of Added Sugars By Rural Residents Of Southwest Virginia, Maryam Yuhas, Valisa Hedrick, Jamie Zoellner

Journal of Appalachian Health

Introduction: Nationally, rural residents have high consumption of added sugars, yet the top sources have not been explored. Characterizing added-sugar intake in high sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumers in rural areas is an important step to help inform interventions and policies.

Purpose: The objective of this study was to explore the top food and beverage sources of added sugar and to examine variations by sociodemographic characteristics.

Methods: This cross-sectional study analyzed data from a randomized-controlled trial to reduce SSB in eight rural Appalachian counties. Data were obtained from baseline demographic surveys and three 24-hour dietary recalls. Dietary analyses included deriving AS ...


The Consequences Of Exercise-Induced Weight Loss On Food Reinforcement. A Randomized Controlled Trial, Kyle D. Flack, Harry M. Hays, Jack Moreland 2020 University of Kentucky

The Consequences Of Exercise-Induced Weight Loss On Food Reinforcement. A Randomized Controlled Trial, Kyle D. Flack, Harry M. Hays, Jack Moreland

Dietetics and Human Nutrition Faculty Publications

81818app手机版下载BACKGROUND: Obesity remains a primary threat to the health of most Americans, with over 66% considered overweight or obese with a body mass index (BMI) of 25 kg/m2 or greater. A common treatment option many believe to be effective, and therefore turn to, is exercise. However, the amount of weight loss from exercise training is often disappointingly less than expected with greater amounts of exercise not always promoting greater weight loss. Increases in energy intake have been prescribed as the primary reason for this lack of weight loss success with exercise. Research has mostly focused on alterations in hormonal ...


Teachers’ Perceptions And Understanding Of Children’S Fluid Intake, Kristy Howells, Tara Coppinger 2020 Canterbury Christ Church University

Teachers’ Perceptions And Understanding Of Children’S Fluid Intake, Kristy Howells, Tara Coppinger

Dept. of Sports, Leisure & Early Childhood Studies Publications

81818app手机版下载No public health data exists on elementary teachers’ perceptions of both their own fluid intake and of their elementary school aged children’s fluid intake. A total of 271 (20 males, 251 females) teachers in developed areas of Australia, Belgium, England, Ireland, United Arab Emirates, and the United States of America completed an online questionnaire (Feb–Mar 2019) on: (i) their fluid intake, (ii) their perception and understanding of children’s fluid intake and (iii) barriers in the school day that they felt prevented school children consuming fluids. Overall, the data indicated that teachers consume considerably lower amounts than recommended ...


Food Access Through School Meals And Food Pantries During Covid-19: Early Findings From Vermont, Farryl Bertmann, Emily H. Belarmino, Thomas Wentworth, Erin Biehl, Roni Neff, Meredith T. Niles 2020 University of Vermont

Food Access Through School Meals And Food Pantries During Covid-19: Early Findings From Vermont, Farryl Bertmann, Emily H. Belarmino, Thomas Wentworth, Erin Biehl, Roni Neff, Meredith T. Niles

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Faculty Publications

The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has affected people worldwide, disrupting food access, and security. To understand how food systems and security are impacted during this pandemic, an online survey was launched in Vermont from March 29 - April 12, 2020 (less than a week after the “Stay Home/Stay Safe” order). A total of 3,219 Vermonters responded with 182 providing a written answer specifically about food pantries and 828 of the respondents providing written comments to the open-ended question at the end of the survey. This brief summarizes survey findings and respondent comments about experiences with two programs during the ...


“It’S Healthy Because It’S Natural.” Perceptions Of “Clean” Eating Among U.S. Adolescents And Emerging Adults, Suman Ambwani, Gina Sellinger, Kelsey L. Rose, Tracy K. Richmond, Kendrin R. Sonneville 2020 Dickinson College 81818app手机版下载

“It’S Healthy Because It’S Natural.” Perceptions Of “Clean” Eating Among U.S. Adolescents And Emerging Adults, Suman Ambwani, Gina Sellinger, Kelsey L. Rose, Tracy K. Richmond, Kendrin R. Sonneville

Faculty and Staff Publications By Year

81818app手机版下载Definitions for the culturally trendy “clean” eating phenomenon vary: whereas some characterize it as natural and healthy, others adopt more restrictive, moralizing, and affectively-laden definitions that may reflect disordered eating. We examined levels of familiarity with “clean” eating, sources of information, and perceptions of this dietary trend among a large, diverse sample of U.S. adolescents and emerging adults recruited from the National MyVoice Text Message Cohort (n = 1266; ages 14–24 years). Participants answered five questions assessing knowledge of “clean” eating, definitions, perceived healthiness vs. harm, and willingness to adopt “clean” eating, and responses were coded by three trained ...


Teacher Evaluation Of An Integrated Nutrition Curriculum For Mississippi Schools, Janiya A. Davis 2020 University of Mississippi 81818app手机版下载

Teacher Evaluation Of An Integrated Nutrition Curriculum For Mississippi Schools, Janiya A. Davis

Honors Theses

81818app手机版下载The prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States has more than tripled over the last four decades from 5 percent in 1978 to 18.5 percent in 2016, and according to the Mississippi Obesity Action Plan, 40.4% of Mississippi elementary school children (grades K-5) were either overweight or obese. Some reports have suggested that Mississippi’s overall obesity rate could reach 66.7% by 2030. Although the literature on best practices for the prevention of this condition is limited, some success has been achieved through the use of school-based nutrition interventions, in which children are taught how to ...


Exploring The Impact Of A Breakfast In The Classroom (Bic) Program In An Urban Middle School In Western Massachusetts, Maria O'Donnell 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Exploring The Impact Of A Breakfast In The Classroom (Bic) Program In An Urban Middle School In Western Massachusetts, Maria O'Donnell

Masters Theses

Although breakfast programs in schools have been encouraged in school-aged children due to numerous benefits on physical and academic performance, participation in School Breakfast Programs (SBP) remains lower than the National School Lunch Program in the United States. Some studies have found that lower participation in the SBP are due to barriers and stigmas. Some studies have found that when breakfast programs are taken into the classroom, uptake of the program improves. However, the relationship between breakfast intake and academic outcomes among young adolescents remains inconclusive. The goal of this study was to examine the effect of a newly implemented ...