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The Effects Of Music On Dairy Production, Anneliese Kemp 2020 Murray State University 81818app手机版下载

The Effects Of Music On Dairy Production, Anneliese Kemp

Honors College Theses

81818app手机版下载The purpose of this research is to find which genre of music dairy cows produce the most milk to in order to aid dairy farmers in yielding maximum product while also keeping their cattle as comfortable as possible. During each lactation a different genre of music will play, basic vital signs, and behavioral observations of the cows will be taken, then the amount of milk produced during that genre will be measured. First, no music will be played, base line vitals will be taken, and milk yield will be measured. This will give an estimate to how positively or negatively ...


Ecology Of Porcine Astrovirus Type 3 In A Herd With Associated Neurologic Disease, Gaurav Rawal, Franco S. Matias Ferreyra, Nubia R. Macedo, Laura K. Bradner, Karen M. Harmon, Grant Allison, Daniel C.L. Linhares, Bailey L. Wilberts 2020 Iowa State University

Ecology Of Porcine Astrovirus Type 3 In A Herd With Associated Neurologic Disease, Gaurav Rawal, Franco S. Matias Ferreyra, Nubia R. Macedo, Laura K. Bradner, Karen M. Harmon, Grant Allison, Daniel C.L. Linhares, Bailey L. Wilberts

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

81818app手机版下载Astroviruses (AstVs) cause disease in a wide variety of species. Porcine AstVs are highly genetically diverse and conventionally assigned to five genetic lineages (PoAstV1-5). Due to the increasing evidence that porcine astrovirus type 3 (PoAstV3) is a cause of encephalomyelitis in swine and to elucidate important ecologic characteristics, the infection dynamics and environmental distribution of PoAstV3 were investigated in a herd with PoAstV3-associated neurologic disease. Over a 22 week period, the frequency of PoAstV3 fecal shedding varied by pig and age. The peak detection by RT-qPCR of PoAstV3 on fecal swabs (95%; 61 of 64) occurred at 3 weeks of ...


Polyanhydride Nanoparticles Induce Low Inflammatory Dendritic Cell Activation Resulting In Cd8+ T Cell Memory And Delayed Tumor Progression, Ross Darling, Sujata Senapati, John Christiansen, Luman Liu, Amanda E. Ramer-Tait, Balaji Narasimhan, Michael J. Wannemeuhler 2020 Iowa State University 81818app手机版下载

Polyanhydride Nanoparticles Induce Low Inflammatory Dendritic Cell Activation Resulting In Cd8+ T Cell Memory And Delayed Tumor Progression, Ross Darling, Sujata Senapati, John Christiansen, Luman Liu, Amanda E. Ramer-Tait, Balaji Narasimhan, Michael J. Wannemeuhler

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Introduction: Adjuvants and immunotherapies designed to activate adaptive immunity to eliminate infectious disease and tumors have become an area of interest aimed at providing a safe and effective strategy to prevent or eliminate disease. Existing approaches would benefit from the development of immunization regimens capable of inducing efficacious cell-mediated immunity directed toward CD8+ T cell-specific antigens. This goal is critically dependent upon appropriate activation of antigen-presenting cells (APCs) most notably dendritic cells (DCs). In this regard, polyanhydride particles have been shown to be effectively internalized by APCs and induce activation.
Methods: Here, a prophylactic vaccine regimen designed as a single-dose ...


Swine Disease Reporting System: Report #31, Giovani Trevisan, Daniel Linhares, Edison Magalhaes, Leticia Linhares, Bret Crim, Poonam Dubey, Kent Schwartz, Eric Burrough, Phillip Gauger, Pablo Pineryo, Christopher Siepker, Rodger Main, Mary Thurn, Paulo Lages, Cesar Corzo, Jerry Torrison, Rob McGaughey, Eric Herrman, Roman Pogranichniy, Rachel Palinski, Jamie Henningson, Jon Greseth, Travis Clement, Jane C. Hennings 2020 Iowa State University

Swine Disease Reporting System: Report #31, Giovani Trevisan, Daniel Linhares, Edison Magalhaes, Leticia Linhares, Bret Crim, Poonam Dubey, Kent Schwartz, Eric Burrough, Phillip Gauger, Pablo Pineryo, Christopher Siepker, Rodger Main, Mary Thurn, Paulo Lages, Cesar Corzo, Jerry Torrison, Rob Mcgaughey, Eric Herrman, Roman Pogranichniy, Rachel Palinski, Jamie Henningson, Jon Greseth, Travis Clement, Jane C. Hennings

Swine Disease Reporting System

SDRS includes multiple projects that aggregate data from participating veterinary diagnostic laboratories (VDLs) in the United States of America (USA), and reports the major findings to the swine industry. Our goal is to share information on endemic and emerging diseases affecting the swine population in the USA, assisting veterinarians and producers in making informed decisions on disease prevention, detection, and management. After aggregating information from participating VDLs and summarizing the data, we ask the input of our advisory group, which consists of veterinarians and producers across the USA swine industry. The intent is to provide an interpretation of the observed ...


Afoxolaner As A Treatment For A Novel Sarcoptes Scabiei Infestation In A Juvenile Potbelly Pig, Joe S. Smith, Darren J. Berger, Sarah E. Hoff, Jeba R. J. Jesudoss Chelladurai, Katy A. Martin, Matthew T. Brewer 2020 Iowa State University

Afoxolaner As A Treatment For A Novel Sarcoptes Scabiei Infestation In A Juvenile Potbelly Pig, Joe S. Smith, Darren J. Berger, Sarah E. Hoff, Jeba R. J. Jesudoss Chelladurai, Katy A. Martin, Matthew T. Brewer

Veterinary Pathology Publications and Papers

A 2 months old female Vietnamese potbellied pig presented to a veterinary teaching hospital with a referring complaint of pruritus. A human caretaker of the pig had recently been diagnosed with a Sarcoptes spp. dermatitis. Microscopic examination of the skin scrape samples and BLAST analysis confirmed the species of the mite as most closely related to Sarcoptes scabiei var. canis (AY493391). The pig was treated with afoxolaner as previous treatment with ivermectin was not efficacious. Recheck examinations and follow up revealed the pig to be non-pruritic and resolving. Afoxolaner may be a therapeutic option when treating Sarcoptes spp. infections in ...


The P-Glycoprotein Repertoire Of The Equine Parasitic Nematode Parascaris Univalens, Alexander P. Gerhard, Jürgen Krücken, Emanuel Heitlinger, I. Jana I. Janssen, Marta Basiaga, Sławomir Kornaś, Céline Beier, Martin K. Nielsen, Richard E. Davis, Jianbin Wang, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna 2020 Freie Universität Berlin, Germany 81818app手机版下载

The P-Glycoprotein Repertoire Of The Equine Parasitic Nematode Parascaris Univalens, Alexander P. Gerhard, Jürgen Krücken, Emanuel Heitlinger, I. Jana I. Janssen, Marta Basiaga, Sławomir Kornaś, Céline Beier, Martin K. Nielsen, Richard E. Davis, Jianbin Wang, Georg Von Samson-Himmelstjerna

Maxwell H. Gluck Equine Research Center Faculty Publications

P-glycoproteins (Pgp) have been proposed as contributors to the widespread macrocyclic lactone (ML) resistance in several nematode species including a major pathogen of foals, Parascaris univalens. Using new and available RNA-seq data, ten different genomic loci encoding Pgps were identified and characterized by transcriptome-guided RT-PCRs and Sanger sequencing. Phylogenetic analysis revealed an ascarid-specific Pgp lineage, Pgp-18, as well as two paralogues of Pgp-11 and Pgp-16. Comparative gene expression analyses in P. univalens and Caenorhabditis elegans show that the intestine is the major site of expression but individual gene expression patterns were not conserved between the two nematodes. In P. univalens ...


Laboratory Assays Reveal Diverse Phenotypes Among Microfilariae Of Dirofilaria Immitis Isolates With Known Macrocyclic Lactone Susceptibility Status, Jeba R.J. Jesudoss Chelladurai, Katy A. Martin, Krystal Chinchilla-Vargas, Pablo D. Jimenez Castro, Ray M. Kaplan, Matthew T. Brewer 2020 Iowa State University

Laboratory Assays Reveal Diverse Phenotypes Among Microfilariae Of Dirofilaria Immitis Isolates With Known Macrocyclic Lactone Susceptibility Status, Jeba R.J. Jesudoss Chelladurai, Katy A. Martin, Krystal Chinchilla-Vargas, Pablo D. Jimenez Castro, Ray M. Kaplan, Matthew T. Brewer

Veterinary Pathology Publications and Papers

Prevention of canine heartworm disease caused by Dirofilaria immitis relies on chemoprophylaxis with macrocyclic lactone anthelmintics. Alarmingly, there are increased reports of D. immitis isolates with resistance to macrocyclic lactones and the ability to break through prophylaxis. Yet, there is not a well-established laboratory assay that can utilize biochemical phenotypes of microfilariae to predict drug resistance status. In this study we evaluated laboratory assays measuring cell permeability, metabolism, and P-glycoprotein-mediated efflux. Our assays revealed that trypan blue, propidium iodide staining, and resazurin metabolism could detect differences among D. immitis isolates but none of these approaches could accurately predict drug susceptibility ...


Swine Disease Reporting System: Report #30, Giovani Trevisan, Daniel Linhares, Edison Magalhaes, Leticia Linhares, Bret Crim, Poonan Dubey, Kent Schwartz, Eric Burrough, Phillip Gauger, Pablo Pineryo, Christopher Siepker, Rodger Main, Mary Thurn, Paulo Lages, Cesar Corzo, Jerry Torrison, Rob McGaughey, Eric Herrman, Roman Pogranichniy, Rachel Palinski, Jamie Henningson, Jon Greseth, Travis Clement, Jane C. Hennings 2020 Iowa State University

Swine Disease Reporting System: Report #30, Giovani Trevisan, Daniel Linhares, Edison Magalhaes, Leticia Linhares, Bret Crim, Poonan Dubey, Kent Schwartz, Eric Burrough, Phillip Gauger, Pablo Pineryo, Christopher Siepker, Rodger Main, Mary Thurn, Paulo Lages, Cesar Corzo, Jerry Torrison, Rob Mcgaughey, Eric Herrman, Roman Pogranichniy, Rachel Palinski, Jamie Henningson, Jon Greseth, Travis Clement, Jane C. Hennings

Swine Disease Reporting System

81818app手机版下载SDRS includes multiple projects that aggregate data from participating veterinary diagnostic laboratories (VDLs) in the United States of America (USA), and reports the major findings to the swine industry. Our goal is to share information on endemic and emerging diseases affecting the swine population in the USA, assisting veterinarians and producers in making informed decisions on disease prevention, detection, and management.After aggregating information from participating VDLs and summarizing the data, we ask the input of our advisory group, which consists of veterinarians and producers across the USA swine industry. The intent is to provide an interpretation of the observed ...


Metagenomic, Viral And Host Genetic Analyses Of Congenital Tremor In Pigs, Kylee Sutton 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Metagenomic, Viral And Host Genetic Analyses Of Congenital Tremor In Pigs, Kylee Sutton

Dissertations and Theses in Biological Sciences

The Pestivirus genus contains several viral species having a major impact on the livestock species. While there were only four major pestiviral species for a time, recent metagenomic sequencing approaches identified additional species, such as atypical porcine pestivirus (APPV). Congenital tremor was first identified almost a hundred years ago and since still has an impact on swine health. There are two main types of congenital tremor, type A and B, with type A congenital tremor further subcategorized based on causative agent. Until recently, type A-II congenital tremor did not have a known cause. Recent viral sequencing of affected samples, including ...


Repurposing The Open Access Malaria Box Reveals Compounds With Activity Against Tritrichomonas Foetus Trophozoites, Katy A. Martin, Jeba R.J. Jesudoss Chelladurai, Christopher Bader, Elizabeth Carreiro, Katelyn Long, Kylie Thompson, Matthew T. Brewer 2020 Iowa State University 81818app手机版下载

Repurposing The Open Access Malaria Box Reveals Compounds With Activity Against Tritrichomonas Foetus Trophozoites, Katy A. Martin, Jeba R.J. Jesudoss Chelladurai, Christopher Bader, Elizabeth Carreiro, Katelyn Long, Kylie Thompson, Matthew T. Brewer

Veterinary Pathology Publications and Papers

The protozoan parasite Tritrichomonas foetus causes early embryonic death in cattle which results in severe economic loss. In the United States, there are no drugs are approved for treatment of this pathogen. In this study, we evaluated in vitro anti-protozoal effects of compounds from an open access chemical library against T. foetus trophozoites. An initial high-throughput screen identified 16 compounds of interest. Further investigation revealed 12 compounds that inhibited parasite growth and 4 compounds with lethal effects. For lethal compounds, dose-response curves were constructed and the LD50 was calculated for laboratory and field strains of T. foetus. Our experiments revealed ...


Effects Of Freshwater Crayfish On Influenza A Virus Persistence In Water, J. Jeffrey Roots, Jeremy W. Ellis, Susan A. Shriner 2020 National Wildlife Research Center, Fort Collins

Effects Of Freshwater Crayfish On Influenza A Virus Persistence In Water, J. Jeffrey Roots, Jeremy W. Ellis, Susan A. Shriner

USDA National Wildlife Research Center - Staff Publications

Several investigations have recently assessed the ability of some aquatic invertebrates to act as tools for avian influenza A virus (IAV) surveillance as well as their potential role(s) in IAV ecology. Because of this, as well as the high IAV seroprevalence rates noted in select mesocarnivores that commonly inhabit aquatic and semi-aquatic habitats, we evaluated the effects that freshwater crayfish have on IAV in water at three dose levels and monitored for the presence of IAV in crayfish tissues (gill and green gland) and haemolymph at multiple time points. At relatively high, medium 432 and low (approximately 10 , 10 ...


Brain Complexity, Sentience And Welfare, Donald M. Broom 2020 University of Cambridge

Brain Complexity, Sentience And Welfare, Donald M. Broom

Animal Sentience

Neither sentience nor moral standing is confined to animals with large or human-like brains. Invertebrates deserve moral consideration. Definition of terms clarifies the relationship between sentience and welfare. All animals have welfare but humans give more protection to sentient animals. Humans should be less human-centred.


The Use Of The Heter-Lp Algorithm To Reposition Antibiotics For Managing E. Coli Mastitis In Dairy Cattle, Somayeh Sharifi, Maryam Lotfi Shahreza, Abbas Pakdel, James M. Reecy, Nasser Ghadiri, Hadi Atashi, Mahmoud Motamedi, Esmaeil Ebrahimie 2020 Isfahan University of Technology 81818app手机版下载

The Use Of The Heter-Lp Algorithm To Reposition Antibiotics For Managing E. Coli Mastitis In Dairy Cattle, Somayeh Sharifi, Maryam Lotfi Shahreza, Abbas Pakdel, James M. Reecy, Nasser Ghadiri, Hadi Atashi, Mahmoud Motamedi, Esmaeil Ebrahimie

Animal Science Publications

Mastitis, a disease with high incidence worldwide, is the most prevalent and costly disease in the dairy industry. Environmental mastitis pathogens, such as Escherichia coli (E. coli), are major etiological agents of bovine mastitis in well-managed dairy farms. However, there is still a need to develop more efficient, safe, and economical treatments for mastitis. In the current research, Heter-LP, a new system biology-based method of drug repositioning, was applied to potentially identify novel therapeutic avenues for the treatment of E. coli81818app手机版下载 mastitis. On-line data repositories relevant to known diseases, drugs, and gene targets along with other specialized biological information for ...


Transport Of Artificial Virus-Like Nanocarriers (Avn) Through Intestinal Monolayer Via Microfold Cells, Tianjian Tong, Yijun Qi, Luke Bussiere, Michael J. Wannemeuhler, Cathy L. Miller, Chenxu Yu, Qun Wang 2020 Iowa State University

Transport Of Artificial Virus-Like Nanocarriers (Avn) Through Intestinal Monolayer Via Microfold Cells, Tianjian Tong, Yijun Qi, Luke Bussiere, Michael J. Wannemeuhler, Cathy L. Miller, Chenxu Yu, Qun Wang

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Compared with subcutaneous or intramuscular routes for vaccination, vaccine delivery via gastrointestinal mucosa has tremendous potential as it is easy to administer and pain free. Robust immune responses can be triggered successfully once vaccine carried antigen reaches the mucosal associated lymphoid sites (e.g., Peyer’s patches). However, the absence of an efficient delivery method has always been an issue for successful oral vaccine development. In our study, inspired by mammalian orthoreovirus (MRV) transport into gut mucosal lymphoid tissue via Microfold cells (M cells), artificial virus-like nanocarriers (AVN), consisting of gold nanocages functionalized with the 1 protein from mammalian reovirus ...


Swine Disease Reporting System: Report #29, Giovani Trevisan, Daniel Linhares, Edison Magalhaes, Leticia Linhares, Bret Crim, Poonam Dubey, Kent Schwartz, Eric Burrough, Phillip Gauger, Pablo Pineyro, Christopher Siepker, Rodger Main, Mary Thurn, Paulo Lages, Cesar Corzo, Jerry Torrison, Rob McGaughey, Eric Herrman, Roman Pogranichniy, Rachel Palinski, Jamie Henningson, Jon Greseth, Travis Clement, Jane C. Hennings 2020 Iowa State University

Swine Disease Reporting System: Report #29, Giovani Trevisan, Daniel Linhares, Edison Magalhaes, Leticia Linhares, Bret Crim, Poonam Dubey, Kent Schwartz, Eric Burrough, Phillip Gauger, Pablo Pineyro, Christopher Siepker, Rodger Main, Mary Thurn, Paulo Lages, Cesar Corzo, Jerry Torrison, Rob Mcgaughey, Eric Herrman, Roman Pogranichniy, Rachel Palinski, Jamie Henningson, Jon Greseth, Travis Clement, Jane C. Hennings

Swine Disease Reporting System

81818app手机版下载SDRS includes multiple projects that aggregate data from participating veterinary diagnostic laboratories (VDLs) in the United States of America (USA), and reports the major findings to the swine industry. Our goal is to share information on endemic and emerging diseases affecting the swine population in the USA, assisting veterinarians and producers in making informed decisions on disease prevention, detection, and management. After aggregating information from participating VDLs and summarizing the data, we ask the input of our advisory group, which consists of veterinarians and producers across the USA swine industry. The intent is to provide an interpretation of the observed ...


Core Genome Multilocus Sequence Typing For Food Animal Source Attribution Of Human Campylobacter Jejuni Infections, Chih-Hao Hsu, Lucas Harrison, Sampa Mukherjee, Errol Strain, Patrick McDermott, Qijing Zhang, Shaohua Zhao 2020 United States Food and Drug Administration

Core Genome Multilocus Sequence Typing For Food Animal Source Attribution Of Human Campylobacter Jejuni Infections, Chih-Hao Hsu, Lucas Harrison, Sampa Mukherjee, Errol Strain, Patrick Mcdermott, Qijing Zhang, Shaohua Zhao

Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine Publications

81818app手机版下载Campylobacter jejuni is a major foodborne pathogen and common cause of bacterial enteritis worldwide. A total of 622 C. jejuni isolates recovered from food animals and retail meats in the United States through the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System between 2013 and 2017 were sequenced using an Illumina MiSeq. Sequences were combined with WGS data of 222 human isolates downloaded from NCBI and analyzed by core genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST) and traditional MLST. cgMLST allelic difference (AD) thresholds of 0, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 200 identified 828, 734, 652, 543, 422, 298 and 197 cgMLST types among ...


Growing South Dakota (Spring/Summer 2020), College of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Sciences 2020 South Dakota State University 81818app手机版下载

Growing South Dakota (Spring/Summer 2020), College Of Agriculture, Food And Environmental Sciences

Growing South Dakota (Publication of the College of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Sciences)

This issue contains the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station 2019 Annual Report.

[Page] 2 South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station Update
[Page] 4 Featured Research
[Page] 14 Graduate and Undergraduate Research: In Our Own Words
[Page] 20 Featured Research
[Page] 32 Research in Progress
[Page] 38 CAFES News and Updates
81818app手机版下载[Page] 56 Jackrabbits Now and Then: A Current Student and Alumni Q&A


Growing South Dakota (Summer 2020), College of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Sciences 2020 South Dakota State University

Growing South Dakota (Summer 2020), College Of Agriculture, Food And Environmental Sciences

Growing South Dakota (Publication of the College of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Sciences)

[Page] 3 COVID-19: From Our Students' Perspective
[Page] 11 Class of 2020 Q&A
[Page] 19 Alumni Advice for the Future Generation
[Page] 21 Recent Alumni Features
[Page] 25 Student Features
[Page] 31 CAFES News, Student Success, Awards and Achievements
[Page] 57 Jackrabbits Now and Then: A Current Student and Alumni Q&A


Comparing The Estimates Of Effect Obtained From Statistical Causal Inference Methods: An Example Using Bovine Respiratory Disease In Feedlot Cattle, Ju Ji, Chong Wang, Zhulin He, Karen E. Hay, Tamsin S. Barnes, Annette O'Connor 2020 Iowa State University 81818app手机版下载

Comparing The Estimates Of Effect Obtained From Statistical Causal Inference Methods: An Example Using Bovine Respiratory Disease In Feedlot Cattle, Ju Ji, Chong Wang, Zhulin He, Karen E. Hay, Tamsin S. Barnes, Annette O'Connor

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

81818app手机版下载The causal effect of an exposure on an outcome of interest in an observational study cannot be estimated directly if the confounding variables are not controlled. Many approaches are available for estimating the causal effect of an exposure. In this manuscript, we demonstrate the advantages associated with using inverse probability weighting (IPW) and doubly robust estimation of the odds ratio in terms of reduced bias. IPW approach can be used to adjust for confounding variables and provide unbiased estimates of the exposure’s causal effect. For cluster-structured data, as is common in animal populations, inverse conditional probability weighting (ICPW) approach ...


A Study To Assess The Correlation Between Plasma, Oral Fluid And Urine Concentrations Of Flunixin Meglumine With The Tissue Residue Depletion Profile In Finishing-Age Swine, Jessica L. Bates, Locke A. Karriker, Suzanne M. Rajewski, Zhoumeng Lin, Ronette Gehring, Mengjie Li, Jim E. Riviere, Johann F. Coetzee 2020 Iowa State University

A Study To Assess The Correlation Between Plasma, Oral Fluid And Urine Concentrations Of Flunixin Meglumine With The Tissue Residue Depletion Profile In Finishing-Age Swine, Jessica L. Bates, Locke A. Karriker, Suzanne M. Rajewski, Zhoumeng Lin, Ronette Gehring, Mengjie Li, Jim E. Riviere, Johann F. Coetzee

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

Background

81818app手机版下载Flunixin meglumine (FM) was investigated for the effectiveness of plasma, oral fluid, and urine concentrations to predict tissue residue depletion profiles in finishing-age swine, along with the potential for untreated pigs to acquire tissue residues following commingled housing with FM-treated pigs. Twenty pigs were housed in groups of three treated and one untreated control. Treated pigs received one 2.2 mg/kg dose of FM intramuscularly. Before treatment and at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, and 48 h (h) after treatment, plasma samples were taken. At 1, 4, 8, 12 and 16 days (d) post-treatment, necropsy and collection ...